Definition of Jerusalem artichoke in English:

Jerusalem artichoke

noun

  • 1A knobbly edible tuber with white flesh, eaten as a vegetable.

    • ‘I also grow a successful variety of vegetables including Jerusalem artichokes, courgettes, beans and pumpkins.’
    • ‘It comes as no real surprise, however, that onions are the most popular vegetables, and Jerusalem artichokes the least popular.’
    • ‘Those searching for ingredients for home-made soups might like to pick up some knobbly Jerusalem artichokes.’
    • ‘Oligosaccharides are present in vegetables such as Jerusalem artichokes, burdock, chicory, leeks, onions, and asparagus, and of course beans.’
    • ‘Its accompanying fricassee of button onions and Jerusalem artichokes was rich and gutsy too.’
    • ‘Cook until Jerusalem artichokes are soft when pricked with a knife, about 10 minutes.’
    • ‘The Jerusalem artichokes are covered with a white fuzz.’
    • ‘The roasted brill with Jerusalem artichokes, mustard and baby potato gratin with mushroom duxelle sounded particularly good.’
    • ‘Like most edible crops, beans should always be rotated, the exceptions being tomatoes, asparagus and Jerusalem artichokes.’
    • ‘And what would you call soup made from Jerusalem artichokes?’
    • ‘They are starting with sautéed fresh foie gras, with a Jerusalem artichoke purée served with Chateau Guiraud, Sauternes 1996.’
    • ‘The potential of ethanol to break dormancy in tubers was demonstrated for Jerusalem artichoke.’
    • ‘I share such items as asparagus, sweetcorn, and Jerusalem artichoke with friendly neighbours, at no expense, in due season.’
    • ‘Pumpkin soup was next, fit for Cinderella, with lardons and crispy shavings of Jerusalem artichoke.’
  • 2The tall North American plant, closely related to the sunflower, which produces this tuber.

    Helianthus tuberosus, family Compositae

    • ‘When sunflower was crossed with Jerusalem artichoke, F 1 hybrid plants carried 51 chromosomes and showed reduced pollen fertility.’
    • ‘Prebiotics can be found in plants like Jerusalem artichokes, tomatoes, bananas, garlic, barley and wheat.’
    • ‘In fact, every crop in North America other than the blueberry, Jerusalem artichoke, sunflower and squash has its origins elsewhere.’
    • ‘Down by the water grew harakeke, and my grandfather planted Jerusalem artichokes in the sandy soil.’
    • ‘To provide a summer screen for dustbins, or simply to increase the height of a low fence, plant Jerusalem artichokes.’
    • ‘For control or suppression of Jerusalem artichoke, apply when plants are 6 to 10 inches tall.’
    • ‘As soon as the soil can be worked, plant bare-root asparagus, horseradish, Jerusalem artichokes, and rhubarb.’
    • ‘Liberty plus atrazine will control or suppress some perennial weeds, including dandelion, Canada thistle, Jerusalem artichoke, and wirestem muhly.’

Origin

Early 17th century Jerusalem, alteration of Italian girasole ‘sunflower’.

Pronunciation

Jerusalem artichoke

/dʒəruːsələmˈɑːtɪtʃəʊk/