A form of the disease leishmaniasis marked by emaciation, anemia, fever, and enlargement of the liver and spleen.
This is caused by Leishmania donovani, phylum Kinetoplastida, kingdom Protista
- ‘Why have these partnerships ignored the most neglected diseases, such as kala-azar, Chagas' disease, and sleeping sickness?’
- ‘Still scrounging for food and blighted by diseases like kala-azar and tuberculosis, many live as bonded labourers, and face acute food shortage and starvation every year.’
- ‘Most cases of HIV related kala-azar have so far been reported in southern Europe along the Mediterranean basin.’
- ‘With some precautions and proper management, all patients of kala-azar could be cured with amphotericin B in a rural set-up.’
- ‘In this case, the presentation did not lead us to consider kala-azar in the differential, and pregnancy limited the physical examination.’
Late 19th century from Assamese, from kālā ‘black’ + āzār ‘disease’ (because of the bronzing of the skin often associated with it).