Definition of kala-azar in English:

kala-azar

Pronunciation /ˌkäləəˈzär/ /ˌkɑləəˈzɑr/

noun

  • A form of the disease leishmaniasis marked by emaciation, anemia, fever, and enlargement of the liver and spleen.

    This is caused by Leishmania donovani, phylum Kinetoplastida, kingdom Protista

    ‘Why have these partnerships ignored the most neglected diseases, such as kala-azar, Chagas' disease, and sleeping sickness?’
    • ‘Still scrounging for food and blighted by diseases like kala-azar and tuberculosis, many live as bonded labourers, and face acute food shortage and starvation every year.’
    • ‘Most cases of HIV related kala-azar have so far been reported in southern Europe along the Mediterranean basin.’
    • ‘With some precautions and proper management, all patients of kala-azar could be cured with amphotericin B in a rural set-up.’
    • ‘In this case, the presentation did not lead us to consider kala-azar in the differential, and pregnancy limited the physical examination.’

Origin

Late 19th century from Assamese, from kālā ‘black’ + āzār ‘disease’ (because of the bronzing of the skin often associated with it).