Definition of kala-azar in English:


Pronunciation /ˌkäləəˈzär/ /ˌkɑləəˈzɑr/


  • A form of the disease leishmaniasis marked by emaciation, anemia, fever, and enlargement of the liver and spleen.

    This is caused by Leishmania donovani, phylum Kinetoplastida, kingdom Protista

    • ‘Why have these partnerships ignored the most neglected diseases, such as kala-azar, Chagas' disease, and sleeping sickness?’
    • ‘Still scrounging for food and blighted by diseases like kala-azar and tuberculosis, many live as bonded labourers, and face acute food shortage and starvation every year.’
    • ‘Most cases of HIV related kala-azar have so far been reported in southern Europe along the Mediterranean basin.’
    • ‘With some precautions and proper management, all patients of kala-azar could be cured with amphotericin B in a rural set-up.’
    • ‘In this case, the presentation did not lead us to consider kala-azar in the differential, and pregnancy limited the physical examination.’


Late 19th century from Assamese, from kālā ‘black’ + āzār ‘disease’ (because of the bronzing of the skin often associated with it).



/ˌkäləəˈzär/ /ˌkɑləəˈzɑr/