Definition of Kalmuck in English:


(also Kalmyk)

Pronunciation /ˈkalˌmək/ /kalˈmək/ /ˈkɑlmək/

nounKalmuck, Kalmucks, Kalmyks

  • 1A member of a mainly Buddhist people of Mongolian origin living chiefly in Kalmykia.

    • ‘Among the Buddhist Kalmucks of Siberia, Meru becomes Sumeru, a vast pyramidal mountain rising from the cosmic ocean.’
    • ‘It has also been affected by invaders such as the Mongols, Timurids, Kalmyks, Khorezmian Uzbeks, and Russians.’
    • ‘The deportations of nationalities thought suspect by Stalin - Chechens, Kalmucks, Crimean Tatars, and Volga Germans - were handled by him.’
    • ‘Despite living as Russian subjects, the Kalmyks were free to practice Buddhism, and they built dozens of temples.’
    • ‘There were only Russians, Tatars, Poles, Cossacks, and Kalmucks, and a number of the figures are repeated.’
    • ‘Officially, 93,000 Kalmyks, 68,000 Karachai people, 500,000 Chechens, 340,000 Balkars and 180,000 Tartars were deported.’
    • ‘Authorities were also right to insist that expelling the Chechen residents, as some local Russians and Kalmyks had demanded, was not a possible solution to the conflict.’
    • ‘He attracted a following of peasants, Old Believers, Ural mineworkers, and non-Russians such as Bashkirs and Kalmyks.’
    • ‘It is the primary religion of ethnic Buryats, Kalmyks, and Tuvans.’
    • ‘One of the leaders of this committee is the well-known Kalmyk human rights activist, Djab Naminov Burchinov, who also played an important historical role, in returning Russian Kalmyks to their native land.’
  • 2The Altaic language of the Kalmuck.

    • ‘But it is obvious that Kalmyk is perceived to belong mostly to the domain of language learning.’
    • ‘Mainly on lexiconal grounds, Kalmyk is classified as a distinct language.’
    • ‘93.1% of them regard Kalmyk as their mother tongue, 6.8% Russian.’


  • Relating to the Kalmuck or their language.

    • ‘Genealogical research indicates that Lenin came from mixed Russian, Kalmyk, Jewish, German, and Swedish stock, and that he and his family were registered in Simbirsk Province as nobility in 1886.’
    • ‘Admittedly this is problematic, because original Kalmyk architecture is limited to the mobile nomadic tent, the’ yurt’.’’
    • ‘The project's goal is to restore the remaining knowledge of the language and use it for the development of teaching materials for national Kalmyk schools.’
    • ‘Secondly he used his light and mobile forces, irregular Cossack and Kalmuck light cavalry, Russian dragoons and mounted infantry to harass the Swedish advance.’
    • ‘There is a Kalmuck refugee community in New Jersey, and I believe that there were Kalmucks among the Russian refugees in San Francisco.’


From Russian kalmyk.



/ˈkalˌmək/ /kalˈmək/ /ˈkɑlmək/