Definition of kanamycin in English:

kanamycin

Pronunciation /ˌkanəˈmīsin/ /ˌkænəˈmaɪsɪn/

Translate kanamycin into Spanish

noun

Medicine
  • A broad-spectrum antibiotic obtained from a strain of bacteria.

    ‘Doses of streptomycin, kanamycin, amikacin, and capreomycin must be adjusted in patients with renal failure because the kidneys excrete essentially all of these drugs.’
    • ‘Streptomycin, kanamycin, or amikacin also can be used as the fourth drug, when necessary.’
    • ‘To select for the plasmids (donors or transconjugants), we used kanamycin and chloramphenicol.’
    • ‘Harvested bacterial colonies containing mutant plasmids were grown in LB medium in the presence of ampicillin and kanamycin to maintain the selective pressure on the mutants.’
    • ‘Amikacin and kanamycin may cause deafness, but they cause less vestibular dysfunction than SM.’

Origin

1950s from modern Latin Streptomyces kanamyceticus, the name of the source bacterium (see also -mycin).