Definition of Kawasaki disease in English:

Kawasaki disease

(also Kawasaki syndrome)

Pronunciation /ˌkäwəˈsäkē dəˌzēz/ /ˌkɑwəˈsɑki dəˌziz/

noun

  • An acute illness of infants and young children characterized by symptoms such as fever, rash, and glandular swelling, associated with a vasculitis that particularly affects the coronary arteries and may result in serious heart disease.

    ‘Inflammatory presentations may be the result of allergy, reflux disease or, rarely, neoplasm or Kawasaki disease.’
    • ‘The cause of Kawasaki disease is unknown, and consequently there is no diagnostic test.’
    • ‘Without treatment, about 1 in 100 children with Kawasaki disease die of heart problems.’
    • ‘The authors conclude that acute adenoviral infection and Kawasaki disease share many clinical manifestations, making the diagnosis difficult.’
    • ‘Call your doctor if your child has any of the symptoms of Kawasaki disease.’

Origin

1960s named after Tomisaku Kawasaki, Japanese physician.