Definition of kinase in English:


Pronunciation /ˈkīnās/ /ˈkaɪneɪs/ /ˈkiˌnās/ /ˈkɪˌneɪs/


usually with modifier
  • An enzyme that catalyzes the transfer of a phosphate group from ATP to a specified molecule.

    ‘In general, protein kinases are enzymes that phosphorylate proteins, which then become activated.’
    • ‘Protein kinases turn on other enzymes by a chemical reaction called phosphorylation that adds phosphate tags to proteins.’
    • ‘The consequence of these mutations is a cascade phosphorylation of certain serine/threonine protein kinases.’
    • ‘Protein kinases are enzymes that participate in signal transduction processes and, thus, in the control of cell growth.’
    • ‘Protein tyrosine kinases play fundamental roles in signal transduction pathways.’


Early 20th century from Greek kinein ‘to move’+ -ase.