Definition of krummholz in English:



  • Stunted windblown trees growing near the tree line on mountains.

    ‘Indeed this is observed: there are often slowly growing populations of seedlings, saplings and krummholz trees above the tree line.’
    • ‘Our chill mountaion camp on the chilcotin side of the Coast Mountains lay near the treeline, where clearcut gave way to krummholz, the low, twisty trees of the alpine tundra.’
    • ‘Wood samples were taken from heavily damaged areas of 22 black spruce krummholz at eight den sites and from four trees located near the dens but with no apparent damage.’
    • ‘Most dens or attempted dens are in peat banks beneath krummholz spruce and occasionally in peat banks without any trees, or in inorganic sediments along eroded river banks.’
    • ‘The dens were usually dug into embankments within or beneath black spruce that were forming a krummholz of cloned stems.’



/ˈkro͝omhōlts/ /ˈkrʊmhoʊlts/


Early 20th century from German, literally ‘crooked wood’.