Definition of lander in English:



  • A spacecraft designed to land on the surface of a planet or moon.

    Compare with orbiter

    ‘a lunar lander’
    • ‘Moreover, while China has discussed developing a rudimentary space station, there is no evidence of the development of spacecraft, like landers, needed for lunar missions.’
    • ‘This capability will serve both to relay detailed findings of the instruments on the orbiter and enable data relay from other landers on the Martian surface to Earth.’
    • ‘It comprised of three different modules, and was similar in design to previous Moon landers.’
    • ‘They may involve several independent elements, such as orbiters, sub-satellites, landers, rovers, penetrators, airborne robots, planetary ascent vehicles or re-entry vehicles.’
    • ‘A U.S. contribution to the French-led NetLander mission will add unique capabilities to each of the four landers and the orbiter which comprise the mission.’
    • ‘While the Viking orbiters were revealing mysteries from high above, two landers sent to the surface by the spacecraft set about chronicling the surface conditions in detail for the first time.’
    • ‘A mission involving three gliders would explore the composition and stratigraphy of the walls of Valles Marineris in ways not possible for orbiters and landers.’
    • ‘Rosetta is the first probe ever designed to enter orbit around a comet's nucleus and release a lander onto its surface.’
    • ‘Each satellite would carry a shortrange UHF transceiver to communicate with landers and orbiters near Mars and a longrange radio to relay information back to Earth.’
    • ‘Without atomic clocks, GPS navigation would be impossible, the Internet would not synchronize, and the position of the planets would not be known with enough accuracy for space probes and landers to be launched and monitored.’
    • ‘Genesis is the first mission to return samples from space to Earth since the Apollo astronauts and Soviet robotic landers brought home hundreds of pounds of Lunar rocks in the 1970s.’
    • ‘This smart software can be used on all kinds of spacecraft, including orbiters, landers and rovers.’
    • ‘The Lunar module itself, carrying four astronauts, will settle on the surface of the Moon much like the old Apollo landers.’
    • ‘This set includes toy models of Sojourner, the Pathfinder spacecraft, and a lander.’
    • ‘Having no proven track record with Mars spacecraft themselves, let alone Mars landers, ESA asked the Jet Propulsion Laboratory to evaluate Beagle 2.’
    • ‘The Surveyor lunar landers followed in the late 1960s, which dramatically helped in the site selection for the Apollo landings.’
    • ‘There are no blast craters under the lunar landers.’
    • ‘Rosetta will reach the comet in 2014, enter into orbit and deliver a lander, Philae, onto the surface.’
    • ‘Twenty seconds later, it will jettison the bottom half of its aeroshell, exposing the lander.’
    • ‘The command ship accommodated three astronauts and the lunar lander only two.’



/ˈlandər/ /ˈlændər/