nounplural noun lazarettos
1 historical An isolation hospital for people with infectious diseases, especially leprosy or plague.‘A public meeting was held in 1911 in which ‘the citizens of Johannesburg strongly condemn the conditions of the lazaretto [isolation hospital] and call upon the Government to take immediate steps to remedy the present state of affairs’.’
- ‘In 1785 the reformer turned his attention to plague prevention, examining lazarettos in France, Italy and Turkey - and deliberately experiencing quarantine in Venice.’
- ‘He later turned his attention to the problems of the lazarettos of the East.’
- ‘Inside the towns, quarantine went into effect, with the sick isolated in prisonlike infirmaries called lazarettos.’
- ‘I will farther, in the sequel, give the answers of some physicians abroad to a set of questions which I was led to propose to them, by considering that should a lazaretto be erected among us, and this country be ever visited with a scourge so dreadful as the plague, the opinions of eminent physicians experienced in this calamity might be of particular service.’
- 1.1A building (or ship) used for quarantine.
- 1.2A military or prison hospital.
Mid 16th century from Italian, diminutive of lazzaro ‘beggar’, from medieval Latin lazarus (see lazar).
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