Definition of leukemia in English:


(British leukaemia)


  • A malignant progressive disease in which the bone marrow and other blood-forming organs produce increased numbers of immature or abnormal leukocytes. These suppress the production of normal blood cells, leading to anemia and other symptoms.

    • ‘The symptoms of leukaemia vary greatly, depending on the exact type of disease and how advanced it is.’
    • ‘There are two basic reasons for carrying out bone marrow transplantation for leukaemia and lymphoma.’
    • ‘In people with leukemia, the bone marrow produces a large number of abnormal white blood cells.’
    • ‘However, it may be a sign of platelet or vascular disorders and is common in leukaemia and HIV infection.’
    • ‘Such transplants are one of the most effective treatments for leukemia and other diseases.’
    • ‘Call the doctor if your child has any of the signs or symptoms of leukemia.’
    • ‘When a person with symptoms of leukaemia goes to their GP, they will usually be physically examined.’
    • ‘In leukaemia, white blood cells multiply in an uncontrolled and abnormal way.’
    • ‘Given alongside chemotherapy, it can reduce the symptoms of leukaemia very quickly.’
    • ‘Childhood exposure is linked to an increased risk for leukemia and thyroid cancer.’
    • ‘It was hoped the drug would help arthritis, leukaemia and multiple sclerosis.’
    • ‘The charity was set up to buy Christmas gifts for children with cancer, leukaemia and other illnesses.’
    • ‘Treatment aims to destroy all the white blood cells affected by leukaemia.’
    • ‘Stem cell transplantation is commonly used for a variety of malignant disorders such as leukemias and lymphomas.’
    • ‘Benzene is especially noxious, with the ability to cause bone marrow cancer and leukemia.’
    • ‘This type of leukemia is also known as acute lymphoblastic leukemia and acute childhood leukemia.’
    • ‘The cold developed into pneumonia, which turned out to be a symptom of leukaemia.’
    • ‘When a child has leukemia, large numbers of abnormal white blood cells are produced in the bone marrow.’
    • ‘In some types of cancer, particularly leukaemia, high-dose chemotherapy is used.’
    • ‘The two most important cancers in this context are colorectal cancer and leukaemia.’


Mid 19th century coined in German from Greek leukos ‘white’ + haima ‘blood’.



/lo͞oˈkēmēə/ /luˈkimiə/