Definition of lignite in English:

lignite

noun

mass noun
  • A soft brownish coal showing traces of plant structure, intermediate between bituminous coal and peat.

    • ‘Peats will in situ change successively to lignite, to bituminous coal, and eventually to anthracite.’
    • ‘Coal is usually classified into the sub-groups known as anthracite, bituminous, lignite, and peat.’
    • ‘The Tertiary coal of northern Thailand is classified according to coal rank as lignite to bituminous coal.’
    • ‘The principal crops are wheat, maize, barley, sugar beet, potatoes, and grapes, while mineral resources include bauxite, brown coal, lignite, and copper.’
    • ‘Depending on the degree of carbon concentration and coalification, one differentiates between lignite, bituminous coal and anthracite.’
    • ‘Europe, for instance, has sufficient amounts of brown coal, or lignite, to keep the continent supplied with electrical power for the next 200 years or so.’
    • ‘Perhaps the hydrothermal activity served as the impetus for the enhancement of coal rank from lignite or subbituminous to high volatile A bituminous.’
    • ‘The republic has supplies of coal and lignite (brown coal) and uranium ore.’
    • ‘Although by no means restricted to the Neogene, these economically important sequences include brown coals or lignites, which underlie large areas and include substantial fluvial sequences of this age.’
    • ‘In the lower third of the unit, a conspicuous 15-40 cm thick lignite with quartz grit matrix occurs and includes plant stem fragments, some more than 5 cm long.’
    • ‘Repeatedly, descriptions of lignite, which may be associated with floodplain sequences, are reported.’
    • ‘The plant burns lignite coal from the Maritsa Iztok mining complex and produces a large amount of sulphur dioxide.’
    • ‘Rice husks release about 16 joules of energy per kilogram, about the same as lignite but less than bituminous coal's 25 joules.’
    • ‘Coal and lignite and mineral oils were de-reserved from exclusive public sector production.’
    • ‘Germany's chief natural resources are iron ore, bituminous coal and lignite, potash, timber, lignite, natural gas, salt, and nickel.’
    • ‘That plant burned lignite to raise steam for the compressors.’
    • ‘Mining is focused on lignite, bauxite, asbestos, and marble.’
    • ‘The sediments include lacustrine freshwater limestones, silts, marls, occasional sands and local lignite.’
    • ‘According to him, in Germany, 50 per cent of the power comes from coal and 30 per cent from lignite.’
    • ‘It is overlain by the lower shale member, which consists of interbedded carbonaceous shale and lignite that accumulated in coastal marsh and swamps landward of the shoreline.’

Origin

Early 19th century coined in French from Latin lignum ‘wood’ + -ite.

Pronunciation

lignite

/ˈlɪɡnʌɪt/