Definition of lithotripsy in English:



  • A treatment, typically using ultrasound shock waves, by which a kidney stone or other calculus is broken into small particles that can be passed out by the body.

    ‘Mechanical percussion techniques have been used therapeutically after shock wave lithotripsy to dislodge such calculi from the lower pole of the kidney.’
    • ‘Such procedures include magnetic resonance imaging, which is often used to evaluate internal organs, and extracorporeal shock-wave lithotripsy, which uses shock waves to break up large kidney stones.’
    • ‘For proximal ureteric stones, shock wave lithotripsy is useful if the stone is less than 1 cm in size, and ureteroscopy is more successful for stones larger than 1 cm.’
    • ‘Extracorporeal shock wave therapy is trying to find other niches than lithotripsy, particularly as a treatment for tendon related pain.’
    • ‘She has had lithotripsy and multiple surgical procedures.’



/ˈliTHəˌtripsē/ /ˈlɪθəˌtrɪpsi/


Mid 19th century from litho-‘of stone’ + Greek tripsis ‘rubbing’, from tribein ‘to rub’.