Definition of Macedonian in English:

Macedonian

Pronunciation /ˌmasəˈdōnēən/ /ˌmæsəˈdoʊniən/

noun

  • 1A native or inhabitant of the country North Macedonia.

    ‘I myself am a Macedonian, and another two and a half million Greeks are Macedonians.’
    • ‘I was born in Greek Macedonia, specifically in the city of Edessa, and so I identify myself as follows: an Edessian, a Macedonian, a Greek, a Balkan, and a European.’
    • ‘When two Greeks discuss about their origins, they say “I am a Cretan” or “I am a Macedonian”.’
    • ‘One million people in Greece consider themselves Macedonians.’
  • 2A native or inhabitant of the ancient country or modern Greek region of Macedonia.

    ‘I myself am a Macedonian, and another two and a half million Greeks are Macedonians.’
    • ‘I was born in Greek Macedonia, specifically in the city of Edessa, and so I identify myself as follows: an Edessian, a Macedonian, a Greek, a Balkan, and a European.’
    • ‘When two Greeks discuss about their origins, they say “I am a Cretan” or “I am a Macedonian”.’
    • ‘One million people in Greece consider themselves Macedonians.’
  • 3The South Slavic language of North Macedonia and adjacent parts of Bulgaria.

    ‘The Macedonian Peoples Republic (with Macedonian as the official language) was established in 1944.’
    • ‘Since 1997 the Bulgarian government has acknowledged Macedonian as a separate language.’
    • ‘Like most Slavonic languages, Macedonian is written in the Cyrillic alphabet.’
    • ‘They published several newspapers and magazines in Macedonian and other Slavic languages, and found an interested readership.’
    • ‘As part of her responsibility, she may be called upon to translate documents from Macedonian into English.’
  • 4The language of ancient Macedonia, probably a dialect of Greek.

    ‘Entering the lecture hall, Maridakis asked a question in Greek, to be sharply told that speaking in Macedonian was not welcome.’
    • ‘For instance, during his argument with Clitus, which led to his good friend's death, at the end Alexander is said to have called for his guards in Macedonian when he felt his life threatened.’

adjective

  • Relating to Macedonia, North Macedonia, or Macedonian.

    ‘The Aitolians, whose power had been steadily rising since their triumph over the Gauls at Delphi in 279, were an obvious threat to Macedonian hegemony.’
    • ‘The Macedonian phalanx was Philip's creation, extended by Alexander.’
    • ‘In ancient Greece the tendency towards greater professionalism reached its climax with the Macedonian army of Alexander the Great.’
    • ‘This was possible because the Macedonian shield was smaller than the hoplite shield, and because each soldier, instead of wielding a spear or sword, used both hands to hold a long pike steady in front of him.’
    • ‘Alexander personally led the right, which held the Macedonian cavalry.’