Mother of Jesus; known as the (Blessed) Virgin Mary, or St. Mary, or Our Lady. According to the Gospels, she was a virgin betrothed to Joseph and conceived Jesus by the power of the Holy Spirit. She has been venerated by Catholic and Orthodox Churches from earliest Christian times. Feast days, January 1 (Roman Catholic Church), March 25 (Annunciation), August 15 (Assumption), September 8 (Nativity), December 8 (Immaculate Conception).
1The name of two queens of England.
- 1.1Mary I (1516–58), daughter of Henry VIII and Catherine of Aragon, reigned 1553–8; known as Mary Tudor or Bloody Mary. In an attempt to reverse the country's turn toward Protestantism she instigated the series of religious persecutions by which she earned her nickname.
- 1.2Mary II (1662–94), daughter of James II, reigned 1689–94. Having been invited to replace her Catholic father on the throne after his deposition in 1689, she insisted that her husband, William of Orange, be crowned along with her.
An Aboriginal woman.