Definition of medial in English:



  • 1 technical Situated in the middle.

    ‘Not until after midnight, in an eerie twilight, do we sideslip around a medial moraine and discover two gigantic black holes in the silver glacier.’
    • ‘A medial moraine is a strip of morainal debris in the middle of glacier ice which marks where two glaciers come together.’
    1. 1.1Anatomy Zoology Situated near the median plane of the body or the midline of an organ.
      The opposite of lateral
      ‘a medial ligament’
      • ‘The deep branch innervates the quadriceps muscle, knee joint, and medial ligament.’
      • ‘With immobilization, the tight medial and posterior tarsal ligaments tend to yield.’
      • ‘These fibers are named the medial and lateral patellar ligaments.’
      • ‘A negative number meant that the lateral malleolus was actually anterior to the plane of the medial malleolus.’
      • ‘Osseous stability is reinforced by the medial and lateral ligament complexes.’
      halfway, in-between, middle, mid, midway, median, intermediary, intervening, interposed, transitional
    2. 1.2Phonetics (of a speech sound) in the middle of a word.
      ‘a medial consonant’
      • ‘Epenthesis also occurs after medial m in some words: for example, Latin camera and numerus became French chambre and nombre, English chamber and number.’
      • ‘A total of 15 items were included on this task requiring students to delete initial, medial, and final phonemes from words.’
      • ‘Children were asked to remove phonemes from the beginning or medial portions of one-, two-, and three-syllable words.’
      • ‘An obvious device for poets and lyricists who are concerned with sound is alliteration, the repetition of initial or medial sounds in two or more adjacent words.’
      • ‘There is no b in dummy, derived from dumb, or crummy, derived from crumb, and although b is not pronounced finally in bomb, medial b is pronounced in bombard.’
      mean, median, medial, middle
    3. 1.3Phonetics (of a vowel) pronounced in the middle of the mouth; central.
      middle, centre, halfway, midway, mid, median, medial, mean, middling, intermediate, intermedial



/ˈmēdēəl/ /ˈmidiəl/


Late 16th century (in the sense ‘relating to the mean or average’): from late Latin medialis, from Latin medius ‘middle’.