Basic Guidelines For English Spellings

READ THESE ARTICLES### adjective

attributive1Denoting or relating to a value or quantity lying at the midpoint of a frequency distribution of observed values or quantities, such that there is an equal probability of falling above or below it.

*‘the median duration of this treatment was four months’**‘He says the poorest bankruptcy filers, people who fall below the median income in their state, can wipe out their debts the same way they did before.’**‘The first value corresponds to the most heterogeneous values observed in the literature and the second to a median value.’**‘Frequencies of recombination correspond to the median value of two or three fluctuation tests, each one done with six independent colonies.’**‘However, while a few genes do show rather high transition bias, most of the estimates cluster tightly around the median value.’**‘This information was then used to estimate the median values and the 95% confidence intervals.’**‘Use of the median value for an individual provides an analysis representing the central tendency for valuing the species.’**‘As for Stephanie, she falls below her state's median income and could still file Chapter 7 but would have to fill out more paperwork to prove it.’**‘There may be circumstances when it is important to be able to estimate the distribution function and the corresponding mean and median values parametrically.’**‘The median values of comet length distribution (at least three independent experiments) were used in a one-way analysis of variance test.’**‘Arrows indicate the median value of divergence times of each distribution.’**‘When median values were examined, both sexes showed a preference for one partner and did not differ in the number of partners they preferred prior to settling down.’**‘If the median value was chosen, then the wavelengths were converted to a unit of energy.’**‘The median values were compared by the rank sum test.’**‘Homes are considerably cheaper - the median value is about $25,000 - but they tend to be older.’**‘We propose to calculate the median values at each iteration of the Gibbs sampler.’**‘The median value of stock holdings among these families was $47,000 in 1998.’**‘On the basis of the median values, it appears that researchers have used larger sample sizes in the last decade compared with in the earlier decades.’**‘In all cases however, wetter/drier and warmer/cooler are relative to the median value at the location you're looking at.’**‘At least 15 independent colonies were analyzed for each strain and the median values were used for the calculation.’**‘The median value assures good recognition for half of the frames.’*

- 1.1Denoting the middle term (or mean of the middle two terms) of a series arranged in order of magnitude. For example, the median number of the series 55, 62, 76, 85, 93 is 76.
*‘The median number of copies sold per week for the average book on the New York Times Best-selling list was 3,600.’**‘Most families are middle-class; the median household income in 1989 was $38,586.’**‘Further, the simple mean, median, and weighted average estimates for early, middle, and late estimates are quite close.’**‘This produced an overall average of 13.7 and a median value of 13 paper-folding opportunities per textbook.’**‘The median value for the size of the largest family per window was 2.0, whereas the mean was 2.34 with a standard error of 0.07.’**‘Half of the species are located between 1.7 and 2.5, with the median value at 2.1.’*

**mean**, median, medial, middle

2Anatomy

technical Situated in the middle, especially of the body.*‘the median part of the sternum’**‘However, results may be limited, because the bladder neck and median prostate lobe cannot be treated.’**‘The normally obliterated umbilical artery within the urachus forms the median umbilical ligament in the adult.’**‘The volar compartment includes forearm wrist flexors, pronator tendons, and median and ulnar nerves and arteries.’**‘The contents of the tunnel include the median nerve and flexor tendons of the hand.’**‘After birth, it is represented by the median umbilical ligament, which extends from the dome or anterior wall of the bladder to the umbilicus.’*

**halfway**, in-between, middle, mid, midway, median, intermediary, intervening, interposed, transitional

### noun

1The median value of a range of values.

*‘acreages ranged from one to fifty-two with a median of twenty-four’**‘We calculated means, standard deviations, medians, and interquartile ranges as appropriate.’**‘Values are medians (interquartile ranges) unless stated otherwise.’**‘Descriptive statistics, including means, medians, range, standard deviation, and frequencies, were used to enumerate the TAT process.’**‘We calculated means (standard deviations) or medians (ranges or interquartile ranges) as appropriate.’**‘The results are presented either as medians and interquartile ranges or percentage frequencies and 95% confidence intervals, as appropriate.’**‘Summary descriptive statistics were computed by using proportions or medians and interquartile ranges.’**‘We expressed categorical variables as frequencies and percentages and continuous variables as medians (interquartile range).’**‘Descriptive statistics (means, standard deviations, medians and percentages) were used.’**‘Clinical factors graded on a scale of 0 to 3 were reported as medians and interquartile ranges.’**‘Time intervals are expressed as medians and interquartile ranges.’**‘Data that were not normally distributed were described by using medians and interquartile ranges.’**‘As the data were skewed, we have presented medians and interquartile ranges for continuous data.’**‘The data were analyzed in several ways, incorporating frequencies, percentages, means, medians, and standard deviations.’**‘Descriptive statistics such as means, standard deviations, medians, percentages and frequencies were used to summarize the data.’**‘When medians and ranges were presented the values were converted to means.’**‘Dashed lines connect observations within 1.5 interquartile ranges of the median.’**‘We produced summary statistics for each cost variable (means, medians, and standard deviations).’**‘Data are described as frequencies, medians with ranges, and means with standard deviations.’**‘In October 2000 the average and median had been $587 and $448 respectively.’**‘Using the median rather than the average of the set of estimates does not improve estimation (results not shown).’*

**mean**, median, mode, midpoint, centre2

(alsoNorth American The strip of land between the carriageways of a motorway or other major road; a central reservation.**median strip**)*‘Coimbatore city has many such road medians, roadside parks and traffic islands.’**‘Also, we have requested the Public Works Department to install raised central medians on the highway roads to prevent people from crossing the road at will.’**‘And if everything goes well, the city's public gardens, roadside gardens and medians will use treated water for their maintenance by 2006.’**‘For soft landscaping beds, the majority of landscape occurs as medians, islands, urban beds and interchange islands.’**‘While the city lost its luxurious circles and fountains at major intersections thanks to the increasing traffic, the medians, sidewalks and traffic islands are beginning to make up.’**‘The charity in question is Chicago Gateway Green, which spends most of its energy keeping freeways and medians pleasantly landscaped.’**‘All over Europe he was pulling up wherever - on a curb, on the median of a freeway, just to skate a spot.’**‘Shrines are erected on busy street corners adjacent to megastores and fast food restaurants, in the medians of multilane roadways and freeways, and on private property.’**‘As the motorists tried to get out of the melee, those who came out of the rally seemed to be enjoying themselves, dancing away on road medians and traffic islands.’**‘All personnel are assigned a sector of observation and fire, with the lead automatic weapon gunner maintaining special emphasis on road medians or emergency lanes.’**‘There appears to be no restrictions on who uses the road, the road median strip, road verge or any part of the road corridor.’**‘The original roadside hazard model used to predict roadside crashes was derived from data collected on encroachments into a median.’**‘Cars were everywhere - road, medians, sidewalks - just everywhere.’**‘Boulder recently outlawed the practice of standing in a road median with a sign, saying this activity is a safety hazard.’**‘That cell phone came flying out of her hands faster than Jon can jump medians on a four-lane freeway.’**‘There are about 37 traffic islands and numerous medians in that part of the city.’**‘With traffic at a dead halt, fathers and sons got out of their cars and played catch on freeway medians.’**‘There is no intermingling of vehicles from opposite directions as the two-way movement was separated by a median strip.’**‘One possibility is installing a monorail on the Interstate median strip in many areas of the country.’**‘The expressway now has four lanes, a median strip and CCTV cameras to watch the road.’*

3Geometry

A straight line drawn from any vertex of a triangle to the middle of the opposite side.*‘Perpendicular bisectors of two pieces of its medians form a hexagon with opposite sides parallel (and some additional features).’***centre**, mean, median, mid point, halfway point, dead centre, focal point, focus, hub, nucleus, midst

**Origin**

Late Middle English (denoting a median vein or nerve): from medieval Latin medianus, from medius ‘mid’.

**Pronunciation**

### adjective

Relating to Media, an ancient region of Asia to the south-west of the Caspian Sea.

*‘the Median empire’**‘It is said that he is represented as a king of an intermediate and independent Median empire.’**‘His predecessors ruled Parsumash, a vassal state of the Median empire.’**‘They even live in the old Median lands of the Middle East.’*

**Pronunciation**

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