Definition of meliorism in English:


Pronunciation /ˈmēlyəˌrizəm/ /ˈmiljəˌrɪzəm/


  • The belief that the world can be made better by human effort.

    ‘The dominant philosophy of statecraft has become a form of pragmatic meliorism with markets and Western democratic institutions as the chosen means for improving our lives.’
    • ‘The prevailing pessimism of the cycle is relieved by passages of lyrical beauty and by faith in scientific and social meliorism.’
    • ‘Orwell's theoretically skeptical prophetic meliorism resonates with much in Christianity, and especially Catholicism.’
    • ‘Liberal and egalitarian in sympathy, they eschewed class analysis for civic meliorism, in keeping with his own social democratic values.’


Late 19th century from Latin melior ‘better’+ -ism.