Of or belonging to Merton College, Oxford, or its members; specifically designating or relating to a school of mathematics and astronomy that existed there in the 14th century.
A member of Merton College, Oxford.
Late 17th century; earliest use found in Anthony Wood (1632–1695), antiquary. From the name of MertonCollege, Oxford (itself named after its founder, Walter de Merton (d. 1277), bishop of Rochester) + -ian.
Of, relating to, or characteristic of Merton or his theories, especially those relating to the sociology of science.
1960s; earliest use found in American Sociological Review. From the name of Robert King Merton, U.S. sociologist and humanist, regarded as the founder of the sociology of science + -ian.