A member of a Xhosa-speaking people of south-eastern Africa descended from several refugee groups displaced during the Mfecane, which settled in the Eastern Cape and southern Transkei during the 1830s. Compare "AmaMfengu", "Fingo".
Of or belonging to the Mfengu, a Xhosa-speaking people of south-eastern Africa.
Early 20th century; earliest use found in The Catholic Encyclopaedia. From Xhosa -mfengu from -mfenguza to beg like a destitute person.