Definition of mineralize in English:


transitive verb

(also British mineralise)
[with object]
  • 1Convert (organic matter) wholly or partly into a mineral or inorganic material or structure.

    ‘the aim is to mineralize the chlorinated and aromatic hydrocarbons’
    • ‘the mineralized remains of organisms’
    • ‘The rate at which nitrogen is mineralized from the soil organic matter pool is an important rate-limiting step in the cycling of nitrogen in terrestrial systems.’
    • ‘Nitrogen also will be mineralized from soil organic matter.’
    • ‘To produce bone, nature uses organic molecules to organize inorganic components that become mineralized through additional chemical reactions.’
    • ‘Litter with high concentrations of lignin or other recalcitrant compounds mineralizes nitrogen more slowly than does litter with more labile carbon compounds.’
    • ‘The relatively low-quality plant litter mineralizes nitrogen at a slower rate than would occur in the absence of herbivory.’
    • ‘Tillage helps mineralize nitrogen and phosphorus, cycling it from less available forms into ones that crops can readily use.’
    • ‘Understanding of how mineralized materials formed leads to deciphering complex microstructures or diagenetic changes that have occurred in our fossils.’
    • ‘Under field conditions at both Blacktail and Crystal, [less than] 1% of total nitrogen was mineralized from May to October 1995.’
    • ‘In contrast, fossilized bone is believed to be completely mineralized, meaning no organics are present.’
    • ‘Inorganic sulphur forms are immobilized to organic sulphur, different organosulphur forms are interconverted, and immobilized sulphur is simultaneously mineralized to yield plant-available inorganic sulphur.’
    • ‘By demonstrating that soft tissue can be mineralised in the laboratory we had discovered a new approach to investigating this important mode of fossilisation.’
    • ‘The outer layer of enamel is an extremely hard, highly mineralized, crystalline structure that covers and protects the crown of the tooth.’
    • ‘In this study, the reported compactness values used for all calculations include all mineralized tissues (calcified cartilage and bone).’
    • ‘Why did some of them choose infaunal life at approximately the same time that other organisms developed mineralized skeletons?’
    • ‘A few tens of millions of years later, in the Cambrian period, the first mineralized coral-like organisms appeared.’
    • ‘These minerals may inflame and mineralize renal tissue, causing further kidney damage.’
    • ‘The most complete mummified dinosaur to be described in 70 years, the fossil includes three-dimensional, mineralized casts of the animal's right shoulder muscle, throat tissue, and skin.’
    • ‘The scientists noted that the tissue extracted from the mice had all of the hallmarks of normal bone, including organized collagen fibers and various mineralized components.’
    • ‘A few mineralized animal fossils, including sponge spicules and probable worm tubes, are known from the Vendian period immediately preceding the Cambrian.’
    • ‘These authors speculated that blow wells had eroded, rotated and mineralized the coal balls through a hydrological connection through the seam floor to the sea.’
    1. 1.1Impregnate (water or another liquid) with a mineral substance.
      ‘it is delicately mineralized and like any other mineral water has no calories at all’
      • ‘Prevalent is the slightly mineralised water of various physical-and-chemical composition, biologically active microelements, temperature, and healing features.’
      • ‘Situated in the green foothills of the Lyulin Mountain, at an altitude of 630-640m the place offers slightly mineralised waters with hypothermal, hydrocarbonic sulphate and sodium-free composition.’
      • ‘Iraq depends on importing specialised equipment, and some chemicals, to purify its water supply, most of which is heavily mineralised, and frequently brackish to saline.’
      • ‘It had to depend on importing specialised equipment and purification chemicals, since water is ‘heavily mineralised and frequently brackish’.’
      • ‘The mineralized water in salmon spawning grounds allows the fish to grow faster and healthier than those in non-karst streams.’
      • ‘Cold seep communities thrive on cooler, mineralized water leaking from the muddy sea floor.’
      • ‘The underground network is like a microscopic canal system carrying mineralized water.’
      • ‘Here is every cave formation you could hope to see: stalactites, stalagmites, columns, and curtains, all created from mineralized water that drips off the cavern's limestone ceiling and puddles on the limestone floor.’
      • ‘She splashed the heavily mineralized water on her face, the paint readily retiring.’
      • ‘The water is clear, colourless, palatable, odourless, mildly mineralised, and contains hydro carbonates of sodium and small quantities of fluorine.’
      • ‘The mineral water is light, clear and slightly mineralised with a temperature of 37 to 52°C.’
      • ‘The 25-acre site, which includes 3500 trees, has only five houses, and residents get their drinking water by collecting it from the conservatory roofs before it is then filtered and mineralised.’



/ˈmin(ə)rəˌlīz/ /ˈmɪn(ə)rəˌlaɪz/