Definition of Mississippian in English:


Pronunciation /ˌmisəˈsipēən/ /ˌmɪsəˈsɪpiən/


  • 1Relating to the state of Mississippi.

  • 2Geology
    Relating to or denoting the early part of the Carboniferous period in North America from about 363 to 323 million years ago, following the Devonian and preceding the Pennsylvanian.

    ‘Compared with Pennsylvanian times, early Mississippian tropical wetland ecosystems are poorly understood.’
    • ‘The boundary between the Upper and Lower subdivisions in Europe is known to be below the boundary between the Pennsylvanian and the Mississippian subsystems in North America.’
    • ‘Kindle recognized two different fossil fauna assemblages in the limestone and the divided the limestone into two distinct lithologic units of Devonian and Mississippian age.’
    • ‘More specifically, the western part of the county is composed mainly of Devonian and Mississippian sandstones and shales with some Silurian and Ordovician rocks present.’
    • ‘The first important evolutionary event was the development of wings, which must have taken place in the Early Carboniferous although currently no Mississippian insects are known.’
    1. 2.1Archaeology Relating to or denoting a settled culture of the southeastern US, dated to about AD 800–1300.
      ‘The size and complexity of Cahokia, and the influence of its ideology, must have created enormous changes in the smaller Mississippian communities of the southeastern cultural complex.’
      • ‘He has conducted archaeological research in southern Illinois for almost 30 years, including work with Mississippian cultures of the region.’
      • ‘In terms of lithic technology, Mississippian culture retained the system of nonformalized tool production begun during the Late Woodland period.’
      • ‘This volume on the Mississippian town and mound center called Bottle Creek is a must-read for scholars, researchers, and students of Mississippian culture.’
      • ‘The Cahokia flea started itching in my ear when I posted about the exhibit of Woodlands and Mississippian artifacts that is coming to Washington next month.’


  • 1A native or inhabitant of Mississippi.

    ‘Native Mississippians working on the line were at first perplexed, then angry, as line-speeds increased and new jobs were filled by workers from Mexican town they had never heard of, like Oaxaca and Chiapas.’
    • ‘Her scholarship resonated with me as I recalled my mom, a Mississippi native, describing Chinese Mississippians who had both a Southern drawl and an entrepreneurial history in her neck of the woods that was a century old.’
    • ‘The Deep South was Reagan country, and white Mississippians regarded Reagan as their native son.’
    • ‘In the end, as Martin Luther King Jr. prophesied, they liberated white Americans too, including white Mississippians, by removing this historic stain from our society.’
    • ‘Organized by the Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee, Freedom Summer was a call to Northern white college students to join black Mississippians in the drive to register black voters in the South.’
    • ‘I think that's how most Mississippians would respond to it.’
    • ‘The Atlanta Journal Constitution, one of the largest circulation newspapers in the South, reported last week that ‘some Mississippians were perplexed at hearing the decision.’’
    • ‘Attorneys for the plaintiffs say the issue is not about money, but that the settlement doesn't address admission standards or add programs that the Black institutions need to provide a quality education to all Mississippians.’
    • ‘According to the census, Mississippi has the fourth-lowest median income in the US; the per capita income of black Mississippians is 51% that of their white counterparts.’
    • ‘Less than three years ago, Mississippians voted to keep the Confederate stars and bars on the state flag by a 2-to - 1 margin, and opinion polls suggest most Georgians are of a like mind.’
    • ‘It is important that the board take a stand even though the action ‘may not impact one single vote’ when Mississippians go to the polls April 17 to decide the flag issue, Ross says.’
    • ‘It was a line that Lott said he'd been working on for a while, and it produced loud applause from hundreds of Mississippians gathered at Founders' Square, the centerpiece of the historic fair.’
    • ‘It does so by emphasizing that many gay Mississippians chose to remain in or return to this predominantly rural and small-town state, and by treating those who did with a minimum of pathos or nostalgia.’
    • ‘Land surveyors used common names only, and many of these names lacked specificity or were used only by Mississippians at the time.’
    • ‘That meant that, country or city, black or white, northeast Mississippians were encouraged to see themselves as being in the same boat.’
    • ‘Politically, white Mississippians disfranchised nearly all black voters in 1890.’
    • ‘A native Mississippian, he received his bachelor's degree in architecture from Auburn University in Alabama, in 1974.’
    • ‘In these early works, one can see how Mockbee, a fifth-generation Mississippian, first reconstituted forms and materials as elements for new solutions.’
    • ‘A Georgian or a Mississippian may admit to being merely a Southerner… but no Texan, given the opportunity, ever said otherwise than ‘I'm from Texas.’’
  • 2the MississippianGeology
    The Mississippian period or the system of rocks deposited during it.

    1. 2.1Archaeology The Mississippian culture or period.