The doctrines of the Chinese philosopher Mozi and his followers.
The central tenet of Mohism is ‘universal love’, by which one should treat strangers, friends, and family alike with equal respect, kindness, and love, in contradistinction to the ‘partial love’ of Confucianism, which privileges the family above other relationships.
Mid 19th century; earliest use found in James Legge (1815–1897), Sinologist and missionary. From Moh, former transliteration of the first element of the name of Mozi (Chinese Mòzǐ; Wade-Giles transcription Mò-tzǔ, 470–391 b.c.), Chinese philosopher, or of his full name Mo Di (Chinese Mò Dí; Wade-Giles transcription Mò Tí) + -ism.