Definition of Mongol in English:

Mongol

Pronunciation /ˈmäNGɡəl/ /ˈmɑŋɡəl/

Translate Mongol into Spanish

noun

  • 1A native or inhabitant of Mongolia; a Mongolian.

    ‘The Chinese supported the Mongols, who invaded Tibet briefly in 1720.’
    • ‘Tradition has it that moon cakes were first used to carry messages to help the Chinese throw off the Mongols in the 14th century.’
    • ‘They are mainly scattered in Inner Mongolia, living together with the Mongols and Chinese.’
    • ‘Seljuk power was swept away by another Central Asian dynasty, the Mongols, in 1194.’
    • ‘The cultural and educational level of the Mongols is higher than average among the national minorities of China.’
    • ‘Medieval Baghdad, before its sack by the Mongols, had 36 public libraries when Europe had none.’
    • ‘As the death toll from the plague mounted, so did tensions between the warlike Mongols and Italians plying their trade on the Black Sea.’
    • ‘He said that even though he was an undercover agent, he preferred to pal around with the Mongols on his days off because he was fond of them.’
    • ‘But Mongols, in turn, became increasingly fascinated by their new subjects.’
    • ‘I note above the importance of textiles in spreading the message that the Mongols had created an empire.’
    • ‘Although they speak a Turkic dialect, their ancient ancestors may have been Mongols.’
    • ‘Francis Bacon recognized the importance of the Mongols as a conduit between East and West.’
    • ‘According to the census, the total population of Mongols in the United States now stands at about 3,500.’
    • ‘Indeed, some have thought that the manufacture of tofu was originally an adaptation of cheese-making, learned perhaps from the Mongols.’
    • ‘The 1200s witnessed yet another invasion, and control went to the Mongols, who ruled until the 1400s.’
    • ‘They are almost exclusively descendants of the Han, a people believed to be related to the Mongols of Central Asia.’
    • ‘The Mongols weren't so much tolerant as they were open, being willing to have all sorts of religions in their empire.’
    • ‘The Mongols were actually ahead of most of their opponents in terms of technology, training and leadership.’
    • ‘The result was a steady migration of Mongols into China during the first 100 years of the Ming dynasty.’
    • ‘Tribal rivalries meant that every male Mongol was brought up to be able to fight and hunting expeditions formed the ideal training ground.’
  • 2The language of the Mongols; Mongolian.

    • ‘They spoke an Altaic language related to Mongol and Turkish, and still constitute a distinct ethnic group in China.’
  • 3

    (also mongol)
    offensive A person with Down syndrome.

In the 13th century AD the Mongol empire under Genghis Khan extended across central Asia from Manchuria in the east to European Russia in the west. Under Kublai Khan China was conquered and the Mongol capital moved to Khanbaliq (modern Beijing). The Mongol empire collapsed after a series of defeats culminating in the destruction of the Golden Horde by the Muscovites in 1380

adjective

  • 1Relating to the people of Mongolia or their language.

  • 2

    (also mongol)
    offensive Having Down syndrome.

In the 13th century AD the Mongol empire under Genghis Khan extended across central Asia from Manchuria in the east to European Russia in the west. Under Kublai Khan China was conquered and the Mongol capital moved to Khanbaliq (modern Beijing). The Mongol empire collapsed after a series of defeats culminating in the destruction of the Golden Horde by the Muscovites in 1380

Usage

The term mongol was adopted in the late 19th century to refer to a person with Down's syndrome, owing to the similarity of some of the physical symptoms of the disorder with the normal facial characteristics of East Asian people. In modern English this use is now unacceptable and considered offensive. It has been replaced in scientific as well as in most general contexts by the term Down's syndrome (first recorded in the early 1960s)

Origin

Mongolian, perhaps from mong ‘brave’.