Definition of monism in English:



  • 1Philosophy Theology
    A theory or doctrine that denies the existence of a distinction or duality in some sphere, such as that between matter and mind, or God and the world.

    ‘The coherence theory builds in a metaphysical bias towards monism: the idea that everything we know should somehow form one massive ‘complete theory of everything’.’
    • ‘Paganism on the other hand has adopted a worldview based on monism, where duality is more often perceived as aspects of an encompassing whole.’
    • ‘He combined ancient classical humanism with Oriental metaphysics to ratify his own down-to-earth brand of philosophical monism.’
    • ‘His philosophy of monism claimed that the many things which appear to exist are merely a single eternal reality which he called Being.’
    • ‘Breton embraced a similar kind of monism, arguing famously against distinctions between the real and imaginary, past and future, life and death.’
    1. 1.1The doctrine that only one supreme being exists.
      Compare with pluralism
      ‘If this step from monotheism to monism goes too far, in what ways can Judaism respond to a postmodern desire for Oneness?’
      • ‘Theism might always be about meaning, but what religion would look like if monism were asserted against theism is an open question.’



/ˈmäˌniz(ə)m/ /ˈmɑˌnɪz(ə)m/ /ˈmōˌniz(ə)m/ /ˈmoʊˌnɪz(ə)m/


Mid 19th century from modern Latin monismus, from Greek monos ‘single’.