Definition of nephron in English:

nephron

noun

Anatomy
  • Each of the functional units in the kidney, consisting of a glomerulus and its associated tubule, through which the glomerular filtrate passes before emerging as urine.

    ‘Stones may form in the kidneys, blocking blood from passing through the nephrons and tubules to be filtered.’
    • ‘If all of the plasma delivered to the kidneys passed through the glomerular filters into the nephrons, the filters would be clogged with a ‘sludge’ of red cells, white cells, and plasma proteins.’
    • ‘The nephron is the functional unit of the kidney where urine is produced.’
    • ‘It performs all these tasks in different parts of the nephron, the functional unit of the kidney.’
    • ‘The renal cortex consists of nephrons and blood vessels.’

Pronunciation

nephron

/ˈnefrän/ /ˈnɛfrɑn/

Origin

1930s via German from Greek nephros ‘kidney’.