Definition of oriental in English:

oriental

(also Oriental)

adjective

  • 1Of, from, or characteristic of Asia, especially East Asia.

    ‘oriental countries’
    ‘oriental rugs’
    • ‘The works involve extremely simple figures, outlined by elegant and light curves, typical of oriental art.’
    • ‘Subsequent years saw the character of Sofia change from an oriental outpost to a European city, a trend that continues.’
    • ‘Fenellosa, on the other hand, continually said that there were also outstanding arts in the oriental tradition.’
    • ‘After years of practise, he has mastered an ancient oriental art that allows him to live his life using the minimum amount of energy possible.’
    • ‘After getting some noodles and watching some martial arts (how oriental!) we got bored and decided to head into town.’
    • ‘I used to travel quite a bit, because I had a gallery in London dealing with oriental art, and it was important to visit areas that held such a fascination for me.’
    • ‘Visitors can take along their own picnic tea or there will be refreshments to buy and those who want to join in the Eastern theme with oriental costume can take part in a special prize draw.’
    • ‘Through other parents at her son Louis's school where they then lived on the outskirts of London, Clara started learning about the oriental art of Chi Kung.’
    • ‘Lethargic and lacking self-confidence, he was a quiet dreamer, with interests in theology, art history, and oriental religions.’
    • ‘Older people in the north Cotswolds have been taking part in a pilot project to assess the best way of bringing them the health benefits of T'ai Chi - the oriental art of meditation and movement.’
    • ‘Experience the ancient mystical city of Ho Chi-Minh and its Eastern traditions, Buddha temples, towering pagodas and colorful oriental river markets.’
    • ‘Many of these can be found during the second week in November with a celebration of Asian Art in London when Bonhams, Christie's and Sotheby's hold a number of sales of oriental fine art and antiques.’
    • ‘Besides western art and literature, many volumes dealt with the oriental world: its history, religion, writings, sculpture, painting, ceramics.’
    • ‘As a young girl, I saw a Bharatanatyam recital on television I was enchanted by the precision and grace of movement and the expression and costume that I made up my mind to learn that mysterious oriental dance.’
    • ‘The most important addition to the cultural life of Dublin Castle in recent times has been the relocation there of the Chester Beatty library, with its world famous collection of oriental art and manuscripts.’
    • ‘To stir-fry is not much different from the French sauter but it is done in a wok, not a sauté pan, and using a frying medium such as peanut oil, which is characteristic of oriental cookery, rather than butter or olive oil.’
    • ‘The oriental chicken, described as shredded lettuce and crispy angel hair tossed with various veggies in a spicy sweet-and-sour sesame dressing, tasted to us like nail-polish remover.’
    • ‘The taste of his subjects tended towards the antiquarian rather than the purely decorative, and their collecting interest widened to embrace traditional crafts, archaeology, and oriental art.’
    • ‘Had a brief listen to the two other tracks Jake had given me: oriental pieces which I recognised from somewhere and which are beautiful.’
    • ‘Acting as passionate guardian of the memory of her mentor, Serge Gainsbourg, Jane Birkin has interpreted his work to a lusty backing of Arabic, Andalusian and oriental influences for this concert recording.’
    eastern, Chinese, Japanese
    View synonyms
    1. 1.1Zoology Relating to or denoting a zoogeographical region comprising Asia south of the Himalayas and Indonesia west of Wallace's line. Distinctive animals include pandas, gibbons, tree shrews, tarsiers, and moonrats.
      ‘The Oriental Crested Ibis used to have a wide distribution in eastern China, Russia, Japan and Korea, but clearance of the forests, pesticides and changes in rice-farming practices led to a dramatic decline.’
  • 2(of a pearl or other jewel) orient.

    ‘The green lion symbolizes an emerald or an oriental sapphire and means stature and robust person, wealth, cool and courageous, stable and sincere, unconditional love.’
    ‘The most spectacular consisted of a ‘large round cup in oriental onyx, mount and ornaments in fine chased, enamelled gold.’

noun

offensive
  • A person of East Asian descent.

Usage

The term oriental has an out-of-date feel as a term denoting people from Asia; it tends to be associated with a rather offensive stereotype of the people and their customs as inscrutable and exotic. In US English Asian is the standard accepted term in modern use; in British English, where Asian tends to denote people from the Indian subcontinent, specific terms such as Chinese or Japanese are more likely to be used

Origin

Late Middle English from Old French, or from Latin orientalis, from orient- (see orient).

Pronunciation

oriental

/ɔːrɪˈɛnt(ə)l/ /ɒrɪˈɛnt(ə)l/