Definition of orthotropic in English:



  • 1Botany
    (of a shoot, stem, or axis) growing vertically.

    ‘The mature ovules of both species are orthotropic and crassinucellate.’
    • ‘Branches are orthotropic and morphologically identical to the trunk.’
    • ‘In the Champagnat model, the mixed axes have a spiral phyllotaxis and begin their growth with an orthotropic direction before they bend under their own weight.’
    • ‘Two plants were monopodial, while one tree possessed a 60-cm-long secondary leader (an orthotropic shoot arising from the main stem) that had developed about 1 m above soil level.’
    • ‘MS indicates seedling main stem, T, seedling ramifications; S, orthotropic shoots on stolon (St); R, shoots on rhizomes (Rh).’
  • 2Engineering
    (of a material) having elastic properties in two or three planes perpendicular to each other.

    ‘In the design of the orthotropic deck, the composite interaction between the steel deck and the pavement under local and global loading was considered.’
    • ‘West, Vancouver, fabricated the new bridge sections upside down and welded orthotropic troughs to the 16.8-m-wide deck plates.’
    • ‘Renovation techniques for orthotropic steel bridge decks are needed to solve fatigue problems in the decks of these bridges.’
    • ‘Owing to its high strength and stiffness, the orthotropic steel deck system has been widely used in the construction of long-span steel bridges.’
    • ‘The orthotropic steel plate deck bridge with a double rib system, is a structural steel member with a steel plate deck welded to a closed steel rib.’



/ˌôrTHəˈtrōpik/ /ˌɔrθəˈtroʊpɪk/