1To pass or spread over in a hostile or injurious way; to overrun, infest. Also figurative Scottish in later use.
2To surpass, exceed, excel.
3To overcome, overpower, get the better of (by force, deceit, etc.); to oppress, overwhelm.
4 rare To go or rise higher than, or over the top of.
Old English (in an earlier sense). Cognate with or formed similarly to Middle Dutch overgaen (Dutch overgaan), Middle Low German ȫvergān, Old High German ubargān (Middle High German übergān, übergēn, German übergehen), Old Swedish öfwerga (Swedish övergå) from the Germanic base of over- + the Germanic base of go.