1The name of two shahs of Iran.
- 1.1Reza (1878–1944), ruled 1925–41; born Reza Khan. An army officer, he took control of the Persian government after a coup in 1921. He was elected Shah in 1925 but abdicated following the occupation of Iran by British and Soviet forces.
- 1.2Muhammad Reza (1919–80), ruled 1941–79, son of Reza Pahlavi; also known as Reza Shah. Opposition to his regime culminated in the Islamic revolution of 1979 under Ayatollah Khomeini; Reza Shah was forced into exile and died in Egypt.
1An Aramaic-based writing system used in Persia from the 2nd century BC to the advent of Islam in the 7th century AD. It was also used for the recording of ancient Avestan sacred texts.
- ‘During the reign of the Medes, the Iranians adopted the Babylon Cuneiform symbols and later they created the Avesta and Pahlavi scripts using Arami scripts.’
- ‘They are normally inscribed in one of three Aramaic dialects - Jewish-Aramaic, Syriac, and Mandaic - though some bowls are known which are inscribed in Persian (Pehlevi).’
- ‘Pahlavi evolved from the Aramaic script, and so it retained the right-to-left writing direction.’
- 1.1The form of the Middle Persian language written in Pahlavi, used in the Sassanian empire.‘The Sasanian or Southwest Pahlavi was the official language of the Sasanian dynasty, which ruled from 226 A.D. until the Mohammedan conquest in 652.’‘A physician named Burzoe translated it into Pehlevi in 6th Century A.D.’
From Persian pahlawī, from pahlav, from parthava ‘Parthia’.