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A count palatine.‘The palsgrave of Lorraine, who had his seat at Aachen, was later esteemed the foremost in rank.’‘Frederick Count Palatine of the Rhine, called the Palsgrave, then came into England, to marry the Lady Elizabeth, King James's Daughter.’
Mid 16th century from early modern Dutch paltsgrave, from palts ‘palatinate’ + grave ‘count’.
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