Definition of Paranthropus in English:



  • A genus name often applied to robust fossil hominids first found in South Africa in 1938.

    Australopithecus robustus and A. or 'Zinjanthropus' boisei, family Hominidae. See

    ‘A big-jawed and relatively small-brained hominid known as Paranthropus consumed mainly nuts and other hard foods, causing it to die out as these resources became scarce in African habitats.’
    • ‘Hominidae, the mammalian family that includes modern humans and their immediately extinct ancestors, contains four genera: Ardipithecus, Australopithecus, Paranthropus, and Homo.’
    • ‘The semicircular canal dimensions in crania from southern Africa attributed to Australopithecus and Paranthropus resemble those of the extant great apes.’
    • ‘Falk's team looked not only at five Homo erectus skulls, but skulls of earlier hominids from Africa, such as Australopithecus africanus and Paranthropus aethiopicus.’
    • ‘Estimated at 1.5 to 2 million years old, the Drimolen fossils are mostly teeth that belonged to Paranthropus robustus australopithecines.’



/pəˈranTHrəpəs/ /pəˈrænθrəpəs/


Modern Latin, from Greek para- (expressing relationship) + anthrōpos ‘man’.