Definition of patronymic in English:



  • A name derived from the name of a father or ancestor, e.g. Johnson, O'Brien, Ivanovich.

    ‘a patronymic derived from the name of their original lordship’
    • ‘Adult acquaintances and casual friends usually talk to each other using the first name combined with the patronymic.’
    • ‘Thus, everyone has a patronymic, or father's name.’
    • ‘They were always smart and neatly dressed, and always called each other - in public - by their first name and patronymic.’
    • ‘It is interesting that their usual surnames are all patronymics or matronymics, rather than the locatives that would be more likely were any of the four from immigrant families.’
    • ‘As the daughter's patronymic appears immediately after her name, so the same patronymic should also appear in column III immediately after her mother's name, here as husband.’
    • ‘Although a government decree in 1856 ended patronymics, some 60 percent of all present day Danish names end in ‘sen’ with Jensen and Nielsen being the most common.’
    • ‘Addressing someone formally also entails using the person's full name and patronymic.’
    • ‘Iceland also upholds another Norse tradition - using patronymics rather than surnames.’
    • ‘I'm now 99% sure I have at least one of the patronymics wrong, so again, I solicit advice on them.’
    • ‘The memory trick of naming individuals by patronymics, or ‘sloinneadh’ in Gaelic, is the centuries-old system of placing an individual within an extended family system.’
    • ‘Probably more significant is the fact that Brown was one of the many neutral names adopted by clansmen who wanted to be rid of their politically incorrect Gaelic patronymics.’
    • ‘Explaining patronymics to a four year old is always a difficult thing.’
    • ‘A Russian system of patronymics is still widely used.’
    • ‘Documents dating between 1521 and 1524 attest that he had assumed the cognomen Lieto, the Italian version of Laetus, substituting this for his actual patronymic, Allegri.’
    • ‘She replied addressing him Russian style using his patronymic.’
    • ‘Her patronymic should follow in the next two lines, consisting of her father's gentilicium and Greek cognomen.’
    • ‘However, she later explains that Adriaen did not use the patronymic.’
    • ‘In the novel we do not learn Luzhin's patronymic until the last sentences.’
    • ‘Xhosa speakers are patrilineal and have patronymic clans, but neither clans nor lineages have any ‘on the ground’ existence.’
    family name, last name, patronymic


  • Denoting or relating to a name derived from the name of a father or male ancestor.

    ‘the patronymic naming of children’


Early 17th century via late Latin from Greek patrōnumikos, from patrōnumos, from patēr, patr- ‘father’ + onuma ‘name’.