Definition of peerage in English:



  • 1The title and rank of peer or peeress.

    ‘on his retirement as cabinet secretary, he was given a peerage’
    • ‘He held five other peerages besides the title of the Duke of Devonshire - Marquess of Hartington, Earl of Devonshire, Earl of Burlington, Lord Cavendish of Hardwick and Lord Cavendish of Keighley.’
    • ‘In 1958 the Life Peerages Act created non-hereditary peerages which would be granted to a person (male or female) for the term of their life.’
    • ‘In 1925 Asquith accepted a peerage as Earl of Oxford and Asquith and was created a knight of the garter shortly afterwards.’
    • ‘But knighthood is an honour, not a peerage; he remained a member of the House of Commons until his retirement in 2001.’
    • ‘At court, they were welcomed back with open arms and with a judicious distribution of offices, honours, and peerages.’
    • ‘The Life Peerage Act made it possible for people to be given a peerage during their own lifetime without the title passing to their heirs; they were life peers.’
    • ‘Wendy doesn't have a peerage - her's is a simple manorial title, but the two often get confused.’
    • ‘Tight new spending limits are set to be imposed on Britain's political parties to stop them going cap in hand to donors angling for peerages, knighthoods and other favours.’
    • ‘Entrepreneurs who make private donations to the Prime Minister's flagship city academies can obtain honours and peerages, it was reported last night.’
    • ‘All of the mainstream parties have nominated their donors, especially the generous ones, for peerages or knighthoods.’
    • ‘Unlike the hereditary peerages of old, knighthoods are not bestowed according to birth or social status.’
    • ‘Nowadays, major disclosures of the soon-to-be recipients of knighthoods and peerages are commonplace.’
    • ‘I'm not a fan of the honours system, or peerages in general because very few genuinely deserve to be lifted in status.’
    • ‘She was born Kathleen Eileen Moray in 1878, in County Wexford, Ireland, but when her mother inherited a peerage in Scotland to become Baroness Gray, the family changed its name.’
    • ‘The title, in the letters patent creating the peerage, was gazetted as Earl of Scarbrough and not Scarborough.’
    • ‘But an actual recipient of a peerage is addressed by Lord plus whatever name he chooses at the time of receiving the status.’
    • ‘While all peddling of honours is reprehensible, the sale of peerages is most serious because it trades a seat in the legislature.’
    • ‘As a reward for taking defeat with dignity he was awarded a peerage, becoming Lord Watson of Invergowrie.’
    • ‘In 1807 Malmesbury reported that there had been fifty-three applications for peerages, and that the King had refused them all.’
    • ‘They'll both end up with peerages for distinguished service to British football/fashion and people will laugh at their youthful misdemeanours.’
    1. 1.1the peeragePeers as a class.
      ‘he was elevated to the peerage two years ago’
      • ‘Then came Frederick Penny, who was MP for Kingston until his elevation to the peerage as Lord Marchwood in 1932.’
      • ‘He was elevated to the peerage of Ireland as Lord Kilmaine, for services to the British Crown.’
      • ‘Only a few years later the Scottish physicist William Thomson, later elevated to the peerage as Lord Kelvin, attempted an estimate on a completely different basis.’
      • ‘He was elected a fellow of the Royal Society in 1851, knighted in 1866 and elevated to the peerage as Lord Kelvin in 1892.’
      • ‘He was proud to be the first actor to be elevated to the peerage, though he never spoke in the Lords after his maiden speech.’
      • ‘Over time the issue was complicated by the idea of the gentleman, a social construct which could incorporate all members of the peerage and gentry.’
      • ‘With the Queen Mother due at Dover, the King set out to greet her, but not before making a gift of 20,000 pounds to Edward Hyde and leaving a signed warrant raising him to the peerage as Lord Hyde of Hindon.’
      • ‘Only two groups had ‘social’ status in seventeenth-century England - the gentry and the peerage.’
      • ‘In 1941 he was raised to the peerage as Lord Cherwell and in 1942 was appointed paymaster-general.’
      • ‘Lord Stevenson is of the opinion that candidates for the peerage might range from midwives to tycoons.’
      • ‘In Parliament the House of Lords was dominated by the landed aristocracy, and the landed gentry, often related to the peerage, held sway in the House of Commons.’
      • ‘Wolseley was promoted general and elevated to the peerage as a result but, three years later, his relief expedition failed to reach Khartoum in time to rescue Charles Gordon from the dervishes.’
      • ‘He wrote to me to share a little part of the treasure trove of maladdressed mail he has picked up since his elevation to the peerage.’
      • ‘In 1942 Keynes was elevated to the peerage and took his seat in the House of Lords, where he sat on the Liberal benches.’
      • ‘This book deals with the institution of the House of Lords, rather than the social and economic history of the peerage, and especially during the critical period of the reign of King Charles II.’
      • ‘As a Lord, he gets entered into the books of peerage and is entitled to display his coat-of-arms.’
      • ‘Today the Speaker stands in the order of social precedence immediately after the peerage, ranking higher than any other commoner.’
      • ‘In 1923 he became MP for Warwick and Leamington, a seat he held until 1957 when, as prime minister, he resigned and was subsequently raised to the peerage as the Earl of Avon.’
      • ‘Lord William was already someone; he was the son of a wealthy duke; he was one of the respected ton; he belonged to the English peerage; he had no financial concerns at all.’
      • ‘The sons of British sovereigns are usually given peerages at some point in their lives, and since the 14th century their senior title has been in the degree of duke - the highest rank in the British peerage.’
      aristocracy, nobility, peers and peeresses, lords and ladies, the House of Lords, the Lords, titled class, titled nobility, titled men, titled people, titled women, landed gentry
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    2. 1.2A book containing a list of peers and peeresses, with their genealogy and history.