Definition of pericardium in English:

pericardium

nounpericardia

Anatomy
  • The membrane enclosing the heart, consisting of an outer fibrous layer and an inner double layer of serous membrane.

    • ‘Reference to the pericardium, epicardium, myocardium, endocardium and valves, chordae, ventricular thicknesses, and aorta and major vessels may be included.’
    • ‘With this patient, the images of the communication between the pericardium and the thoracic duct could be more clearly identified, due to improvements in computerizing techniques.’
    • ‘The pericardial stage was used to suspend the pericardium and the phrenic nerve was preserved throughout its course.’
    • ‘Typically metastatic melanoma involves the pericardium and myocardium; only rarely does it involve the endocardium or cardiac valves.’
    • ‘One patient demonstrated multiple recurrences on the chest wall, with eventual direct extension to the pericardium, pleura, and lung.’

Origin

Late Middle English modern Latin, from Greek perikardion, from peri ‘around’ + kardia ‘heart’.

Pronunciation

pericardium

/ˌpɛrɪˈkɑːdɪəm/