Definition of peroxisome in English:

peroxisome

noun

Biology
  • A small organelle present in the cytoplasm of many cells, which contains the reducing enzyme catalase and usually some oxidases.

    ‘The contributing enzymes are localized in three different organelles, chloroplasts, peroxisomes, and mitochondria.’
    • ‘These receptors were originally discovered as proteins activated by agents that stimulate proliferation of peroxisomes in rat liver.’
    • ‘We need to know more about the other enzymes in the lantern peroxisomes.’
    • ‘Mitochondria and peroxisomes, unlike chloroplasts, were not used as target organelles during photographing.’
    • ‘The enzyme AGT is found almost exclusively in liver peroxisomes and requires phosphate as a coenzyme.’

Pronunciation

peroxisome

/pəˈräksəsōm/ /pəˈrɑksəsoʊm/

Origin

1960s from peroxide+ -some.