Definition of pessimist in English:

pessimist

Pronunciation /ˈpesəməst/ /ˈpɛsəməst/

noun

  • 1A person who tends to see the worst aspect of things or believe that the worst will happen.

    ‘the pessimists point to ways in which life has deteriorated’
    • ‘Some analysts are also more sanguine on the outcome of the case than the pessimists are.’
    • ‘The foreign policy expert mentioned in the introduction is among the pessimists.’
    • ‘Always borrow money from a pessimist—he doesn't expect to be paid back.’
    • ‘A long-term ally of stock-market pessimists has gone over to the bullish side.’
    • ‘Whether you are a cloudy pessimist or a sunny optimist, you can be effective or ineffective.’
    • ‘In interviews, he is a perennial pessimist, never willing to talk his teams up regardless of the situation.’
    • ‘There are economic pessimists who refuse to accept good news about our economy.’
    • ‘Whatever the pessimists might say, there is plenty of oil to last for the foreseeable future.’
    • ‘The pessimists in our midst envision a truly calamitous chain of events.’
    • ‘Job market pessimists outnumbered optimists by the widest margin in more than seven years, according to the February report.’
  • 2Philosophy
    A person who believes that this world is as bad as it could be or that evil will ultimately prevail over good.

    ‘he finds solace in the writings of pessimist philosophers’
    • ‘The other trump card of the pessimists, erotic desire, is notoriously restless and insecure, and apt to deliver only partial fulfilments.’
    • ‘Can there be any possibility of reconciliation between such clearly opposed positions as those of pessimists and optimists about determinism?’
    • ‘The facts as we know them supply an adequate basis for the concepts and practices which the pessimist feels to be imperilled by the possibility of determinism's truth.’
    • ‘It might be that the pessimist is rightly anxious to get this vital thing back and, in the grip of his anxiety, feels he has to go beyond the facts as we know them.’
    • ‘The pessimist may be supposed to ask why freedom in this sense justifies blame.’
    • ‘Might we not induce the pessimist to give up saying this by giving the optimist something more to say?’
    • ‘If one is a pessimist, the issue between determinists and libertarians is felt to be particularly important.’
    • ‘Can we fill in the lacuna which the pessimist finds in the optimist's account of the concept of moral responsibility?’
    • ‘A partial sense of the facts as we know them is certainly present to the pessimist's mind.’
    • ‘The pessimist recoils from this picture, and in his recoil there is, typically, an element of emotional shock.’

Pronunciation

pessimist

/ˈpesəməst/ /ˈpɛsəməst/