Definition of pleroma in English:


Pronunciation /pləˈrōmə/ /pləˈroʊmə/


in singular
  • 1(in Gnosticism) the spiritual universe as the abode of God and of the totality of the divine powers and emanations.

    ‘The gnostic pleroma he places before us is all-consuming not only because it may in some sense be needed (as the moralist's battlefield), but also, like all good prose, because it must patiently describe and endure.’
    • ‘He could use a Hellenistic idea like the pleroma, but he was still an outsider.’
    • ‘I ascribe to Rabbi Luria's ideas about the pleroma, the tikkum and our cumulative, individual roles in bringing redemption through the simple magic of human acts.’
    • ‘We need to look no further than the Gnostic Gospel of Truth, which relates, ‘The Word who came from pleroma who is in the thought and mind of the Father, the Word who is called the Savior.’’
    • ‘Every moment of existence is measured and judged against the backdrop of this pleroma.’
  • 2(in Christian theology) the totality or fullness of the Godhead which dwells in Christ.

    ‘Nonsense, says Paul, the “fulness”, the pleroma, resides in Christ “for in him all the fulness (pleroma) of God was pleased to dwell.’
    • ‘It probably has a personal sense here as well, since the pleroma has the ability to decide on a course of action.’


Mid 18th century from Greek plērōma ‘that which fills’, from plēroun ‘make full’, from plērēs ‘full’.