Definition of poliomyelitis in English:



mass nounMedicine
  • An infectious viral disease that affects the central nervous system and can cause temporary or permanent paralysis.

    • ‘Infectious diseases such as whooping cough, encephalitis, poliomyelitis, diphtheria, rabies, tetanus, syphilis, and botulism rarely are seen now but can cause vocal cord paralysis.’
    • ‘The viral disease known as poliomyelitis is highly infectious and can cause total paralysis and even death.’
    • ‘Other common diseases include schistosomiasis, sleeping sickness, poliomyelitis, tuberculosis, and pneumonia.’
    • ‘Polio, or poliomyelitis, is an infectious disease caused by a virus that attacks the nervous system.’
    • ‘Neurological disorders, such as poliomyelitis and cerebral palsy, can also cause acquired clubfoot.’


Late 19th century modern Latin, from Greek polios ‘grey’ + muelos ‘marrow’.