Definition of pronate in English:


Pronunciation /ˈprōˌnāt/ /ˈproʊˌneɪt/

See synonyms for pronate

transitive verb

[with object]
  • 1Anatomy
    Turn or hold (a hand, foot, or limb) so that the palm or sole is facing downward or inward.

    Compare with supinate

    ‘the patient is asked to maintain this position while the examiner attempts to pronate the foot’
    • ‘Your forearms - and your upper arms, to a degree - are internally rotated when your hands are pronated (palms facing backward) during the bent-over lateral raise.’
    • ‘Patients are reluctant to pronate the hand or to flex the elbow beyond 90 degrees.’
    • ‘Instead of stopping at the top as you normally would on a squat, perform an upright row by pulling the dumbbells up to your collarbones as you pronate your hands - then push off the balls of your feet as the weights reach their maximum height.’
    • ‘At the time of the incident, the foot was pronated in the sagittal plane in each case.’
    • ‘The radius and ulna of the forelimb are twisted indicating that the hand was pronated, but without the hand bones we cannot tell if it was modified into the tubular, fingerless structure of later sauropods.’
    1. 1.1no object Walk or run with most of the weight on the inside edge of the feet.
      ‘You need a fast, flexible shoe, but you require some stability because your ankles pronate.’
      • ‘I know because I pronate inwards and my NB shoes correct it perfectly!’
      • ‘If you have a high, weak arch, and pronate plus wear flip flops you could be doing yourself some harm!’
      • ‘Chris is still cramping, and pronating worse than I am.’
      • ‘In 2004, EVO Fitness will introduce a treadmill with a computerized system that senses if users are pronating (rolling the foot inward) or supinating (rolling the foot outward).’


Mid 19th century back-formation from pronation, based on Latin pronus ‘leaning forward’.