1The office, territory, or jurisdiction of a provost; specifically (a) a Roman praetorship or prefecture; (b) the provostship of a Scots burgh. Now chiefly historical.
2rare The benefice of an ecclesiastical provost; the revenue derived from such a benefice; (occasionally) the provostship of an educational college; = "provostship".
3A church or cathedral under a provost.
Late Middle English. From provost + -ry. Compare post-classical Latin provosteria, provostria office of a provost or reeve, Anglo-Norman provosterie, provostrie, Anglo-Norman and Old French prevosterie tribunal of a provost.