Definition of proxy in English:


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nounplural noun proxies

  • 1The authority to represent someone else, especially in voting.

    ‘they may register to vote by proxy’
    • ‘For example, the House of Delegates met and voted by proxy on the AORN Position Statement on Correct Site Surgery in February.’
    • ‘The de-merger proposal was approved by the sheer weight of proxy votes - 97 per cent of big and small investors voting by proxy gave the plan the thumbs up.’
    • ‘Dicker said those people who were living away from the community were able to send a vote by proxy.’
    • ‘People may also vote by proxy, and, as in the past, those whose names don't make it onto the voters' registry may vote if they fill out a form at the polling station on election day.’
    • ‘The voting was 85, 945 in favour and 125, 870 against, with most of the votes being cast by proxy.’
    • ‘Voters who are unable to vote can also vote by proxy.’
    • ‘You may also vote by proxy, radio or satellite phone, special ballot or during the mobile poll.’
    • ‘The law passed by the New York legislature required soldiers to vote by proxy - that is, to mail their ballots home rather than cast them at polls in the field.’
    • ‘They maintained that the state agents had not been charged with violating any federal law, but the New York state law that permitted soldiers to vote by proxy.’
    • ‘In turn they are funders by proxy, having been delegated by the Arts Council to allocate lottery funding for film in Northern Ireland.’
    • ‘There were fears about the Singapore government's control by proxy of HKT if SingTel won the bidding.’
    • ‘If you're away, register to vote by post or by proxy.’
    • ‘She told me that I would have to vote by proxy, nominating one of my parents to vote for me in their riding.’
    • ‘To win the day, Woollard must secure the support of 75% of the members who vote in person or by proxy.’
    • ‘It is common for great powers to try to fight wars by proxy, getting smaller powers to fight for their interests.’
    • ‘Under the current system foreigners can only buy Gazprom's stock by proxy, through American depositary receipts that trade at a premium and are equal to 10 domestic shares.’
    • ‘Unfortunately, fairly or unfairly, the way this has been done has created the impression in some minds that the President is running for a fourth term by proxy.’
    • ‘It is no surprise then, that Mr Howard today met constituents in Adelaide's northern suburbs, keeping the campaigning by proxy in full swing.’
    • ‘For any such deal to be agreed, however, there has to be a majority above 75 per cent of the value of the creditors either attending the meeting or voting by proxy.’
    • ‘His awards for outstanding set design, actor in a lead role, and production of a play were accepted by proxy, as he was unable to attend the ceremony.’
    deputy, representative, substitute, delegate, agent, surrogate, stand-in, attorney, ambassador, emissary, go-between, envoy, frontman
    View synonyms
    1. 1.1A person authorized to act on behalf of another.
      ‘Some sources say that a proxy worked on his behalf none other than would-be powerbroker and Industry Minister Ian Macfarlane.’
      • ‘The letter was handed over by Peter Brown, himself an accountant and auditor, who was attending the meeting as a proxy on behalf of a shareholder.’
      • ‘But, of course - they're too smart for this - this is why they use our sons and daughters as proxies to advance their agenda without risking their own blood.’
      • ‘With this vast grant of constitutional power, electors have chosen to become merely the faithful proxies of the people.’
      • ‘In theory it is possible for competent adults to appoint a proxy to act on their behalf by granting them a power of attorney.’
      • ‘Rather than lose all information on that patient, someone else (a family member or health professional) may be asked to act as a proxy or surrogate.’
      • ‘She was ill during hustings and had to send a proxy to make speeches on her behalf in the run up to polling day.’
      • ‘Work from the United States has shown that advance directives have no effect in improving the accuracy of substituted judgments by proxies (friends or relatives).’
      • ‘In this mythology the preservation of the body after death was important for the survival of the deceased in the afterlife, but if the body was damaged, a proxy could be used in place of the dead person.’
      • ‘But you'd have to win both of the state's congressional districts to get the other two electors who are proxies for the state's House members.’
      • ‘After a family feud led him to sacrifice his brother Chumpol as education minister in 1998, Banharn ran the portfolio through a proxy.’
      • ‘Elections Ontario has advised students to choose a proxy, that they know and trust, in order to cast their ballots according to their selection.’
      • ‘But that doesn't mean Goss is above dispatching a proxy to fight for him.’
      • ‘You can still include others, but only when you use a proxy and are not signed in, and then you would also not get rewarded for signing up others.’
      • ‘The AFN election marked one of the largest turnouts for an annual general meeting with 576 chiefs and proxies registered to vote.’
      • ‘There are so many law students and so many employers out there that employers tend to rely on proxies to to determine which law students will make the best attorneys.’
      • ‘If ministers and their minions will just stop pursuing their petty vendettas through their proxies in the press, then the successes of this government should get through.’
      • ‘The men, this time joined by independent TD Tony Gregory, will again seek proxies to try and pass the motion.’
    2. 1.2A document authorizing a person to vote on another's behalf.
      ‘The notice of meeting reveals that the board will be voting open proxies against Joy Buckland but there is a grey area here.’
      • ‘Rupert was naughty in that he voted undirected proxies and he didn't answer the question when Crikey asked that he not do this given that he had a conflict of interest and wasn't voting his own stake.’
      • ‘However, recent changes in SEC guidelines require managers to report back to their investors and let them know how they vote their proxies, Aase said.’
      • ‘Rupert can't vote his own stock, but he can vote the undirected proxies on a deal where he has a large related party transaction as part of the gig.’
      • ‘It should be noted that Mr. Mihalcea was one of the three people holding multiple proxies.’
  • 2A figure that can be used to represent the value of something in a calculation.

    ‘the use of a US wealth measure as a proxy for the true worldwide measure’
    • ‘‘EVA is really a proxy for the discounted value of the future cash flow,’ he explains.’
    • ‘If productivity declines represent a loss of ten to fifteen percent of average sales, then we can use this percentage as a proxy for the unobservable productivity figure.’
    • ‘Price measures of value provide a proxy for the particular form that the extraction of surplus value takes in particular contexts.’
    • ‘The binary variable is a proxy to account for differences in cost due to location of the firm and human capital intensity.’
    • ‘We use three alternative proxies for the dependent variable.’



/ˈpräksē/ /ˈprɑksi/


Late Middle English contraction of procuracy.