Definition of purpura in English:



  • 1Medicine
    A rash of purple spots on the skin caused by internal bleeding from small blood vessels.

    ‘Inhibition of platelet adhesion and aggregation, prolonged bleeding time, purpura, postoperative wound hemorrhage’
    • ‘Many of these patients had edema, purpura, or ecchymosis.’
    • ‘Adverse effects of warfarin include haemorrhage, hypersensitivity and skin rashes, alopecia, and purpura.’
    • ‘One or more of the following skin lesions were seen in 70% of all cases: purpura, macular or papular erythematous rash, urticaria, and subcutaneous nodules.’
    • ‘As described in the literature, the patient had a preceding upper respiratory infection, followed several days later by headache, myalgias, purpura, and fever.’
    spots, skin eruption, breakout
    1. 1.1with modifier Any of several diseases characterized by a purple rash.
      ‘psychogenic purpura’
      • ‘She was diagnosed with a thrombotic thrombocytopenia purpura like syndrome and was treated with daily plasma exchange and steroids.’
      • ‘Prone positioning did not worsen pre-existing skin injury (graft-vs-host disease and purpura fulminans).’
      • ‘In 1988, she presented with idiopathic thrombocytopenia purpura and anemia.’
      • ‘Another immune thrombocytopenia is posttransfusion purpura, where immune destruction of both transfused and recipient platelets is seen, usually beginning 5 to 12 days after transfusion.’
      • ‘She developed purpura fulminans and compartment syndrome in her limbs, requiring fasciotomies.’



/ˈpərp(y)ərə/ /ˈpərp(j)ərə/


Late 16th century (denoting a gastropod mollusc): from modern Latin, from Latin, ‘purple’, from Greek porphura. The sense ‘disease characterized by a purple rash’ dates from the mid 18th century.