A composite metre consisting of a dactylic hexameter (Pythian metre) followed by an iambic colon.
There are two varieties according to whether the hexameter is followed by an iambic dimeter (as in Horace Epod. 14 and 15), or by an iambic trimeter (as in Horace Epod. 16).
Of or relating to this metre.
Mid 19th century. From post-classical Latin pythiambicus, adjective from classical Latin Pȳthius Pythian + iambicus.