Definition of reckon in English:



  • 1with object Establish by calculation.

    ‘his debts were reckoned at £300,000’
    ‘the Byzantine year was reckoned from 1 September’
    • ‘The total indebtedness of the company is reckoned at 17 billion euros.’
    • ‘The costs of bringing the building to a level of working habitability are conservatively reckoned at £5m - before any serious fitting-out.’
    • ‘In 2001, GDP - measured in the depreciated dollars of the day - was reckoned at just above $10 trillion.’
    • ‘That value has now been reckoned at €20 per week which should result in an additional income of €20,000 to the board.’
    • ‘In parliament, support for the constitution was reckoned at 128 deputies, with just 22 opposed.’
    • ‘The sustainable level - where there is enough cod spawning to replace themselves is reckoned at 150,000 tonnes.’
    • ‘And the rise in oil prices has also brought in higher oil revenues - reckoned on some calculations to be £2.9bn higher than forecast.’
    • ‘In the fourth quarter, business investment was reckoned to be growing by more than 20% at an annual rate.’
    • ‘Hedge funds are now reckoned to hold some 75% of all quoted convertible bonds.’
    • ‘He's reckoned to be Britain's ninth richest sportsman, with a fortune of £14m.’
    • ‘The authors also note that wildlife is reckoned to be the biggest source of income in Laotian villages after fishing.’
    • ‘The rally, in which 150 crews competed, is reckoned to be worth €20m to the area.’
    • ‘India is now reckoned to be home to about 10 million Bangladeshis.’
    • ‘Several hundred slaves roasted sheep in pit ovens, while the female dancers, like the warriors, were reckoned to number in their thousands.’
    calculate, compute, work out, put a figure on, figure, number, quantify
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    1. 1.1reckon someone/something amongInclude someone or something in (a class or group)
      ‘the society can reckon among its members males of the royal blood’
      • ‘Indeed, when this series was shown in New York in 1895, the critic Montague Marks declared, ‘We do not hesitate to say that these prints will be reckoned among the most artistic of the century.’’
      • ‘No less solid a figure than Forrest McDonald wrote in 1994 that ‘it is my personal belief, that some day he will be reckoned among the ‘great’ or ‘near great’ presidents.’’
      include, count, number
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  • 2informal with clause Be of the opinion.

    ‘he reckons that the army should pull out entirely’
    ‘I reckon I can manage that’
    • ‘Even if you manage to find a bargain, seasoned gemstone collectors reckon that you may need to hold the stones for as long as ten years to get a decent return.’
    • ‘Rob also reckons that the south-west coast of Ireland has some of the best sailing grounds in the world - particularly around Roaring Water Bay in West Cork.’
    • ‘The agent reckons that any new owner willing to carry out the approved plans for the development of the site could have a property worth well in excess of €500,000.’
    • ‘Reid reckons that she has created something unique.’
    • ‘He reckons that men shouldn't use it, but women should.’
    • ‘Peggy reckons that she doesn't have to pretend.’
    • ‘Kenneth likes school and reckons that it is not hard.’
    • ‘He reckons that as few as 10% of the companies he sees think about making a claim, whereas a much higher percentage have a valid case.’
    • ‘But one local resident reckons that's not the case and insists a survey carried out last year said the trees could last another 50 years.’
    • ‘She reckons that, initially, this helped her relax.’
    • ‘He reckons that the answer lies in promoting ‘civility, mutual respect, a semblance of decency’.’
    • ‘Bernie is aware of the danger, but doesn't reckon there will be a repeat performance.’
    • ‘I always reckon there should be at least one impulse buy when looking for plants.’
    • ‘Analysts reckon the business could be worth around £100m, says the paper.’
    • ‘Some 5-10 million machines will be produced next year, analysts reckon.’
    • ‘The analysts reckon consumer demand for laptops and notepads was behind the modest upturn.’
    • ‘Additionally, some experts reckon that many Britons have lost their basic kitchen skills!’
    • ‘If bond prices rise, it could imply that experts reckon economic conditions are deteriorating.’
    • ‘The company reckons ID theft costs the UK economy £1.3 billion per year.’
    • ‘Byrne now reckons it was not such a bad time to set up in business.’
    • ‘I reckon this happens a lot more than most people believe.’
    believe, think, be of the opinion, be of the view, be convinced, suspect, dare say, have an idea, have a feeling, imagine, fancy, guess, suppose, assume, surmise, conjecture, consider
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    1. 2.1with object and complement Consider or regard in a specified way.
      ‘the event was reckoned a failure’
      • ‘But their failure to consider environmental issues must be reckoned a serious omission.’
      • ‘While these titles are indeed fitting, I believe that James must also be reckoned as a significant novelist in her own right.’
      • ‘But more than 1/3 of the population is still reckoned to be chronically malnourished.’
      • ‘Sweden is not generally reckoned to have a particularly disadvantaged working class.’
      • ‘I want everybody to give me a second chance, and reckon me as a friend.’
      • ‘They have all the flair you would expect up front, but their defence is reckoned to be deeply suspect.’
      • ‘The costs are reckoned to be high and are probably underestimated.’
      • ‘He was a loyal supporter when Labour were reckoned to be unelectable, when a party leader would have lost his deposit if he had tried to muster showbiz votes for the cause.’
      • ‘Through his collection, he would be showing his painstakingly done works of embroidery for which he is reckoned to be among the best.’
      • ‘His first novel, published in 1987, was reckoned to be one of the finest literary debuts of the decade.’
      • ‘Majid, a cricket buff, is reckoned to be a good cricketer who has all the talent to represent the state in interstate championships.’
      • ‘I've driven in Paris, in Amsterdam and Rotterdam, in Rome and in Athens, all of them reckoned to be nightmarish.’
      • ‘But in Mysore it seems the liberal arts were reckoned to be at least as attractive.’
      regard as, consider, judge, hold to be, view, think of as, look on as
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    2. 2.2reckon on/toinformal no object Have a specified view or opinion of.
      ‘‘What do you reckon on this place?’ she asked’
      • ‘What would he reckon to them being assessed and designed in a similar way?’
      • ‘Fair enough, now Sharon from Birmingham says: What do you reckon to the appointment of David O'Leary at Villa?’
      • ‘First of all, what do you reckon to the Champions League draw?’
      • ‘Finally, what do our codebreakers reckon to Eric Lambert's thinking?’
    3. 2.3British informal with object Rate highly.
      ‘I don't reckon his chances’
      • ‘Marek could play three chords on his nylon-stringed guitar, and Bolek had a sense of rhythm, so we reckoned our chances of a stab at fame and fortune.’
  • 3reckon onno object Rely on or be sure of.

    ‘they had reckoned on a day or two more of privacy’
    • ‘It doesn't take a genius to calculate that if the vendor reckoned on a gross margin of €15, and has not included taxation at source in setting his prices, his margin will be eaten up.’
    • ‘He reckons on a traditional repertoire of over 100 poems and a good sense of humour.’
    • ‘But he hadn't reckoned on the opposition of the local community and their parish-wide fight to preserve the house as a tourist attraction.’
    • ‘The enemy had not reckoned on the resilience of young Americans, whose grit, loyalty, and mordant humor saw them through the worst.’
    • ‘But they hadn't reckoned on the strength of Ballinrobe, who hammered them by 17 points in the final.’
    • ‘However they had not reckoned on the scoring power of Ballina.’
    • ‘But the German state of Saxony alone puts the damage caused by the floods there at 16 billion euros; Austria reckons on a cleanup bill of 2 billion euros; the Czech Republic 3 billion and Hungary and Slovakia over 100 million.’
    • ‘In an operation like this, the leadership reckons on a 10 per cent casualty rate for it to be successful.’
    • ‘‘I'm reckoning on having the house on the market in two or three weeks,’ he said.’
    • ‘We're reckoning on a two to three-year project this time, giving us time for a bit of a life outside the project.’
    • ‘The family home was sold for £75,000, and with the little equity from that and Andy's redundancy money, they reckoned on having enough to tide them through 12 months of their new life.’
    • ‘What no-one in the Executive reckoned on was that the minister's outburst was witnessed by two other guests.’
    • ‘They reckoned on getting an extra 150,000 people to the ballot box - and won the state by just over 146,000 votes.’
    • ‘Its first business plan reckoned on 250,000 visitors a year, but that was reduced to 135,000 after the award was made.’
    • ‘The idiots had reckoned on half a million turning up every year, but in 2004 only 30,000 went through the turnstiles.’
    • ‘But they had not reckoned on the quality of the players Allardyce assembled and, importantly, the team spirit.’
    • ‘‘You have to give yourself a bit of time, which is why I reckoned on two years,’ he said.’
    • ‘Well prepared and very fit, we reckoned on eating 4000 calories a day.’
    • ‘You can look at countless examples of that, of books that have lasted that you wouldn't have reckoned on lasting.’
    • ‘Something I'd not reckoned on is the rather fine view of the old ranch house, snuggled down on the ridge of its unremarkable and unnamed hill and looking really rather attractive.’
    rely on, depend on, count on, place reliance on, bargain on, plan on, reckon on, calculate on, presume on
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    1. 3.1informal with infinitive Expect to do a particular thing.
      ‘I reckon to get away by two-thirty’
      • ‘In the meadow between the island and the house she waves her stick in the direction of several saplings (she reckons to have planted nearly 1,000 trees in her lifetime).’
      • ‘He reckons to have selected his first squad for Saturday's opening day clash at Brunton Park but was giving little away as to his starting line-up.’
      • ‘He stays with his mother on the south coast during the week and reckons to make his long-distance travelling financially viable by booking early on the internet.’
      • ‘She reckons to save about £100 a year on parking in town in this way.’
      • ‘York City defender Chris Smith reckons to have overcome his biggest hurdle on the long road to full fitness.’
      • ‘I timed the auction to end on the evening of Christmas Day, reckoning to catch those folks who will by then have retired to their computer to get away from the festivities and the family jollity.’
      • ‘He reckoned to survey Danefield Ward on the issue and we are told 90 per cent of the people living there are against the proposals.’
      expect, anticipate, hope to, be looking to
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    a — to be reckoned with (or to reckon with)
    • A thing or person that is not to be ignored or underestimated.

      ‘the trade unions were a political force to be reckoned with’
      • ‘The vitality of the Vietnamese economy and its superb growth rates are making Vietnam an economic force to be reckoned with.’
      • ‘We will be a force to be reckoned with.’
      • ‘Put the two together, and you have a force to reckon with.’
      • ‘This youngster is a force to reckon with in the sub-junior and junior categories.’
      • ‘For all the reasons I've stated, my mother is a woman to reckon with but none of these are the reasons why I think my mother is a very special human being.’

Phrasal Verbs

    reckon with (or without)
    • Take (or fail to take) into account.

      ‘they hadn't reckoned with a visit from Eunice’
      • ‘But that reckons without the special talent which is Thierry Henry.’
      • ‘The future looks bleak but she reckons without teenage daughter Sorrel's last-ditch attempts to save them both.’
      • ‘That, however, was reckoning without the amazing fighting qualities of the Hammers who refused to throw in the towel despite their appalling recent run of results against the champions.’
      • ‘Such doom-saying has reckoned without the capacity of the capitalist economy for readjustment and reinvention, and without the ever-renewing spring of human optimism.’
      • ‘However, they would have reckoned without the quality of Mark Bowman's leadership, and under-estimated his capacity to inspire his troops, not least by his own example.’
      • ‘Critics predicted that their resale prices would crash, but they had reckoned without the property boom and without Carroll's skill when it comes to site selection.’
      • ‘But she reckoned without the lawyers who mounted an action in the High Court attacking the legislation and seeking to have it set aside.’
      • ‘The airline originally attempted to triple the fee for the ticket change, but reckoned without Gabereau's ability to make a fuss.’
      • ‘But the yobs reckoned without the residents' steely determination.’
      • ‘But he had reckoned without the strength of feeling of ordinary Londoners who were determined that the march should not pass.’
      • ‘He said he had a strong feeling England would carry the day but that he'd reckoned without the referee's eyesight.’
      • ‘Unfortunately we had reckoned without the Texas weather, which decided to bucket down with rain all morning.’
      • ‘But this was to reckon without Spielberg's determination.’
      • ‘The visiting fans were celebrating what they believed would be their first Old Trafford win for 20 years - but they had reckoned without Solskjaer.’
      • ‘But the soothsayers had reckoned without one factor, the indomitable will that separates the titans from the also-rans.’
      • ‘That assessment may have proved correct but it reckoned without Canada's tenacity.’
      • ‘But maybe that is to reckon without ITV's proven ability to deliver light entertainment in consistently viewer-winning formats.’
      • ‘I failed to reckon with the desperate ingenuity of a doomed industry - and the utter shamelessness of the Republican patrons of that doomed industry.’
      • ‘But here they failed to reckon with the talents of Archimedes or to foresee that in some cases the genius of one man is far more effective than superiority in numbers.’
    reckon with
    • Settle accounts with.

      ‘God sees the sin of his own people, and will reckon with them for it.’


Old English (ge)recenian ‘recount, relate’, of West Germanic origin; related to Dutch rekenen and German rechnen ‘to count (up)’. Early senses included ‘give an account of items received’ and ‘mention things in order’, which gave rise to the notion of ‘calculation’ and hence of ‘being of an opinion’.