The action or process of filing something for a second or subsequent time; an instance of this.
Mid 19th century; earliest use found in Circular Orders Court of Sudder Dewanny Adawlut. Probably partly from refile + -ing, and partly from re- + filing.
The action or process of polishing or smoothing something again with a file, especially in order to sharpen the cutting edge of a blade.
Late 19th century; earliest use found in Horace Greeley (1811–1872). Either from re- + filing, or from refile + -ing.