Definition of resin in English:

resin

Pronunciation /ˈrezən/ /ˈrɛzən/

Translate resin into Spanish

noun

  • 1A sticky flammable organic substance, insoluble in water, exuded by some trees and other plants (notably fir and pine).

    Compare with gum (sense 1 of the noun)

    ‘Rich red and green glaze paints, more usually the former, in both early Netherlandish and German School paintings were often found to contain a little resin, usually pine tree resin, in addition to heat-bodied oil.’
    • ‘Their first step was to obtain resin from the pine trees which at that time grew in dense forests throughout Europe.’
    • ‘The sticky extrusive mass that comes from a cut on a pine tree is resin.’
    • ‘Pine resin exudes from cuts in the needles or stem of the tree.’
    • ‘When attacked by bark beetles, pine trees with a reduced capability to produce resin would be more vulnerable than pine trees with unimpaired resin production.’
    • ‘Imagine windows on which particles of dirt - including tree resin, fingerprints, and bird droppings - disintegrate rapidly when exposed to sunlight.’
    • ‘Organisms preserved in amber (hardened resin from trees) are prized by paleontologists because of the fine details they retain.’
    • ‘Bacteria have also been found in amber - fossilized tree resin - and in mummified tissues.’
    • ‘Pine may ooze resin, so protect furniture and mantels with newspaper or plastic.’
    • ‘Five classes of floral resources were considered: pollen; nectar; oil; resin; and pollen/nectar.’
    • ‘Amber is made from aged, hardened tree sap or resin and can be found in just a few areas of the world where conditions were just right.’
    • ‘Between 1910 and 1920, for example, the number of trees tapped for resin increased from 260,000 to 2,135,000.’
    • ‘In the warm night air there was a ‘faint sweet smell of resin and burning trees'.’
    • ‘Sit in the sun with a loaf of fresh bread, a hunk of cheese and some German sausage and soak up the medieval atmosphere and scent of flowers and pine resin.’
    • ‘Other paints use sustainably-harvested tree resin as a binder.’
    • ‘Amber is the fossilised resin of ancient pine trees, submerged under the sea in thin veins.’
    • ‘Defoliation induced an increase in the number of resin droplets in the fertilized saplings.’
    • ‘Look for hair removal systems made with ingredients such as sugar and pine resin.’
    • ‘Timber from 340 oak trees was shaped with replica tools and treated with pine resin.’
    • ‘The affected trees likely responded to pathogenic infection by producing traumatic resin at the sites of inoculation.’
    1. 1.1A solid or liquid synthetic organic polymer used as the basis of plastics, adhesives, varnishes, or other products.
      ‘Polyurethanes are liquid plastic resins that dry to a durable satin or gloss finish.’
      • ‘They consist of two components, a liquid resin and the hardener to convert the liquid resins to solid.’
      • ‘Polymer binder resins protect the paper from humidity damage and help to fine-tune the stiffness and acoustic properties of the paper.’
      • ‘Copal is a general term for very hard, insoluble resins, where the polymer is usually cross-linked to form a tough matrix.’
      • ‘The group also makes synthetic fibres, resins and plastics and petroleum products.’
      • ‘Varnishes may be based on phenolic, alkyd, epoxy or polyurethane resins.’
      • ‘Acetone is important in the manufacture of artificial fibers, explosives, and polycarbonate resins.’
      • ‘Epoxy resins are used in the construction of aircraft and automobiles.’
      • ‘One core was dried and impregnated with liquid epoxy resin, finally preserving the curious surface pattern of holes.’
      • ‘As we hoped, we were able to disperse the compounds in epoxy resins.’
      • ‘Wax and silicone rubber molds used with polyester resins have revolutionized the restoration of ancient glass.’
      • ‘Construction of the hull of the 31 is a solid laminate of fiberglass cloth and polyester resin.’
      • ‘Built by hand, each form consists of a fiberglass and plywood support coated with highly finished polyester resin.’
      • ‘The specimens are quite attractive when cut in half and coated with an acrylic resin.’
      • ‘Acrylic resins transmit higher amounts of water vapor than other polymers.’
      • ‘Granules of fertilizer are coated with a thermoplastic resin and a proprietary chemical release agent.’
      • ‘Synthetic resins capable of ion exchange have also been used in wine-making.’
      • ‘Polyester is made with synthetic resins and is known for it's strong, light and weather resistant qualities.’
      • ‘The scientists also filled the wormholes with a plastic resin to create molds of them.’
      • ‘Hulls are constructed using fiberglass cloth, woven roving and fiberglass mat in combination with plastic resin.’
      lacquer, lac, shellac, japan, enamel, glaze, polish, oil, resin, wax

transitive verbresins, resining, resined

[with object]
  • Rub or treat with resin.

    ‘resining the granite fills in the fissures and helps strengthen the stone’
    • ‘the resined surface is waterproof’
    • ‘It consists of a maple table covered with more than a dozen wire-framed globes of cream-colored resined paper, each different from the next.’
    • ‘There will be some shiny drippy marks that look almost like varnish on the rough edges of the slab if the stone is resined.’
    • ‘Some experts say that resined stones do not need to be sealed since the resin acts as a sealer.’
    • ‘Resined slabs are becoming the norm for a lot of quarries and there is no additional cost to the consumer.’
    lacquer, shellac, japan, enamel, glaze, polish, oil, resin, wax

Origin

Late Middle English from Latin resina; related to Greek rhētinē ‘pine resin’. Compare with rosin.