Definition of restoration in English:


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  • 1The action of returning something to a former owner, place, or condition.

    ‘the restoration of Andrew's sight’
    • ‘This project combines fire rehabilitation with watershed and ecosystem restoration on sites where loblolly pine has been ravaged by bugs and blight.’
    • ‘The first phase of the park's restoration is now complete.’
    • ‘He's unflinching on this: the restoration of his reputation is at stake.’
    • ‘Entire villages, thanks to careful preservation or restoration, are attractions themselves.’
    • ‘The restoration of diversity is one of the keys not only to our survival but also to our prosperity in the future.’
    • ‘By recalling the idyllic past, the poetic imagination can, by bringing forth the image of that apparently lost Utopia, promote its future restoration.’
    • ‘Sadly, growth momentum can't be easily recaptured, and a costly three-year process of restoration or replanting will be required.’
    • ‘Ecosystem restoration is needed on many of our national forests to re-establish healthy, fire adaptive forestlands and to increase water resources.’
    • ‘The measure would eliminate commercial logging on federal public lands, promote restoration, and aid economically stressed logging communities.’
    • ‘Environmental historians often have neglected stories of reforestation, restoration, and rehabilitation of damaged ecosystems.’
    • ‘They have to be combined as far as possible with a policy of restoration of property in the form of family houses with gardens.’
    • ‘Given this, decisions about public funding for Everglades restoration will proceed with limited economic information.’
    • ‘He claimed to have finally kicked the drugs in 2002 with the help of a treatment called neurotransmitter restoration.’
    • ‘Now the sentiment behind the hymn - the restoration of the Fatherland - had again become relevant.’
    • ‘Currently, we are aware river otter restorations are only occurring in New York.’
    • ‘Autopsies revealed a partial restoration of the dopamine-producing cells, indicating that brain cells could be prodded to repair themselves.’
    • ‘The court declared that no money would be awarded for ecological restoration.’
    • ‘So I started asking colleagues for examples of successful salmon restoration.’
    • ‘However, literature on North Slope wetland restoration suggests that objectives of revegetation are vague.’
    • ‘Ecologists have long recognized the need to incorporate spatial scale into planning ecological restorations.’
    repair, repairing, fixing, mending, refurbishment, reconditioning, rehabilitation, rebuilding, reconstruction, remodelling, redecoration, revamping, revamp, makeover, overhaul
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    1. 1.1The process of repairing or renovating a building, work of art, vehicle, etc., so as to restore it to its original condition.
      ‘the altar paintings seem in need of restoration’
      • ‘As the owner of any old house will tell you, the repair and restoration of historic buildings is never cheap as it often demands special skills and expensive materials, and can involve hidden costs.’
      • ‘After the flood of 1966, the S Ruffillo Altarpiece underwent restoration.’
      • ‘The course of the rivulet of wine, from which a Bacchante is scooping a jugful, is confused, perhaps through the deterioration of the paint or through inept restoration.’
      • ‘During restoration, pages were photographed and a facsimile produced.’
      • ‘Ballingarrane remains an impressive country estate though the new owners will probably want to do some modernisation and restoration.’
      • ‘In marked contrast, the current restoration of Ballyfin is an exemplary model of close attention to the demesne landscape as well as the house itself.’
      • ‘In 1949 the building was vacated as unsafe (at this time it was serving as the headquarters of the Civic Guard) and it has been many years in restoration and conversion to a museum.’
      • ‘In partnership with Eric Lange, Bromberg also specialises in the restoration of sound films.’
      • ‘A great deal of the older ironwork in this country now needs careful restoration and painting.’
      • ‘The sight of the centuries-old structure, covered in ornate mosaics and undergoing restoration, struck the young artist with awe.’
      • ‘In this paper I discuss the ton bun tradition as a form of Buddhist revivalism, expressed essentially in the building or restoration of Buddhist monuments.’
      • ‘In Miami, restoration of the buildings was what rescued the district from the brink of dereliction.’
      • ‘During this restoration, the inscription was found to date from a later period than the rest of the painting, and was removed, along with much of the blue paint underneath it.’
      • ‘I am keen to pursue a career in any aspect of the preservation, renovation and restoration of historic buildings.’
      • ‘Tax relief is provided by the Revenue Commissioners in respect of expenditure incurred on the repair, maintenance or restoration of the approved building or garden.’
      • ‘Finally, in 1971, the Mary Rose was definitively located and the process of recovery and restoration began in earnest, culminating in the raising of the ship 1982.’
      • ‘One of the lessons learned from the programme was how reluctant the potential owners and tenants were to invest in historic buildings before restoration.’
      • ‘Even if the process of restoration did not definitively prove that this figure was part of the final design, the comparison with the drawing leaves no doubt on this point.’
      • ‘This year sees the culmination of a major programme of restoration and redecoration at Temple Newsam House, Leeds, which contains one of England's finest art collections in a domestic setting.’
      • ‘This is one of several major discoveries that demonstrate how the room's restoration was a dynamic process of art-historical research, with implications for future scholarship.’
      repair, repairing, fixing, mending, refurbishment, reconditioning, rehabilitation, rebuilding, reconstruction, remodelling, redecoration, revamping, revamp, makeover, overhaul
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    2. 1.2The reinstatement of a previous practice, right, custom, or situation.
      ‘the restoration of capital punishment’
      • ‘Moreover, Brazil represented a restoration of the comfort she had experienced only fleetingly as a child.’
      • ‘I will continue to campaign for the restoration of the independent circumstances allowance, and work towards a living allowance for all students.’
      • ‘When the Roosevelt administration took us off the gold standard in 1933, the bulk of the nation's economists opposed the move and advocated its speedy restoration.’
      • ‘Ecologist Daniel Botkin says the aim of restoration should be to bring a system within its natural ranges of variability.’
      • ‘What if largely unpredictable environmental changes create disturbances but not restoration to a previous state of equilibrium?’
      • ‘The resolution of the Oedipal conflict between Horatio and his father, who had been promised Glorvina in marriage, points toward a restoration of the inheritance.’
      • ‘Let us place this call for the restoration of national sovereignty in its historical context.’
      • ‘Of course, the most important thing was the restoration of democracy, freedom, and respect for human rights.’
      • ‘Over time, the process of restoration of traditional cults turned to whole-scale obliteration of all things associated with Akhenaten.’
      • ‘In 1825, under threat of another French invasion and the restoration of slavery, Haitian officials signed the document which was to prove the beginning of the end for any hope of autonomy.’
      • ‘The choice was typically between the long path to prosecution or the rapid restoration of business functions.’
      • ‘In ancient Athens, the breakdown of the old society led to changes and to a long period of social turmoil caused by those who challenged the ongoing changes and called for the restoration of the old traditions.’
      • ‘The goal was a reform of the fundamental basis of social life and the restoration of power to the market to establish justice and equality.’
      • ‘Yet I shall not join the hardy band of current advocates of the gold standard, who call for a virtual restoration of the status quo ante 1933.’
      • ‘The short-lived and disastrous attempt by James II to restore catholicism to England put paid to any restoration of relations with the papacy for all but the small recusant catholic community.’
      • ‘Veteran book publishers demanded a restoration of their former rights and privileges.’
      • ‘For more than a decade now, the Lemhis have sought federal restoration of their status as a separate tribe.’
      • ‘Their agitation for a more powerful Dublin parliament was framed not as a progressive reform, but as the restoration of aristocratic prerogatives that had been taken away.’
      • ‘After World War II, the Canadian Indians became more vociferous in demanding a restoration of their rights.’
      • ‘Meanwhile, the pensioners expressed a note of gratitude for the new increases offered, and promptly promised to press on with their demands for the restoration of the link between pensions and earnings.’
      restoration, return to a former position, return to power, bringing back, reinstitution, reinstallation, rehabilitation, re-establishment
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    3. 1.3Dentistry A structure provided to replace or repair dental tissue so as to restore its form and function, such as a filling, crown, or bridge.
      ‘In a recent FDA Consumer Update, the agency reiterated that dental amalgams used in dental restorations are not harmful to patients.’
      • ‘Dental implant restorations proved an excellent way to restore function, improving aesthetics and easily maintained.’
      • ‘If these dental restorations are visible, the teeth will appear two-tone.’
      • ‘There is no reliable evidence of systemic health risk to those with amalgam restorations, but it is recommended that they are not placed or removed in pregnant women’
      • ‘‘Studies have failed to find any link between amalgam restorations and any medical disorder,’ the association says.’
    4. 1.4A model or drawing representing the supposed original form of an extinct animal, ruined building, etc.
      ‘Mr. Charles R. Knight, well known from his restoration of extinct animal life and models at the Museum of Natural History. has rendered the two heads of the African elephant and rhinoceros that form the main to the north entrance.’
      • ‘The first published restoration of I. bernissartensis appeared in this journal in 1882, but we chose for exhibition an 1884 restoration of I. mantelli, because of the unusual nature of the plate.’
      • ‘Indeed, Bakker's illustration of Deinonychus, made for Ostrom's 1969 description has become one of the most recognisable and iconic of dinosaur restorations.’
  • 2The return of a hereditary monarch to a throne, a head of state to government, or a regime to power.

    ‘the restoration of the Portuguese monarchy’
    • ‘The Directory tried to preserve the Revolution of 1789 - they opposed the restoration of the ancien regime as well as popular democracy.’
    • ‘Second, by spreading revolutionary ideals and institutions, Napoleon made it impossible for the restoration of the ancien regime.’
    • ‘The restoration of the monarchy brought political oblivion, then intermittent government harassment for the rest of his life.’
    • ‘Between the World Wars, the Greek population vacillated between the establishment of a republican form of government and the restoration of monarchy.’
    • ‘In April 1936, he became Prime Minister upon the restoration of the monarchy, and on 4 August 1936 was given dictatorial powers.’
    • ‘The restoration of monarchies in 1814-15 heralded a wave of persecution of minorities deemed to be associated with revolution.’
    • ‘Three of his pictures travelled to London as a gift from the Dutch States General to King Charles II on his restoration to the throne in 1660.’
    • ‘The restoration of the monarchy in 1660 could be seen as proof that, as kings had always argued, it was the bulwark against anarchy or despotism.’
    • ‘Although it liked to depict itself as a restoration of throne and altar, the Bourbon regime that succeeded Napoleon changed little of this.’
    • ‘The defeat of the French meant the restoration of the old regimes in Italy, including the Papal States.’
    • ‘British imperial policy stiffened after the restoration of the monarchy in 1660.’
    • ‘The restoration of the Stanley government in 1660 therefore caused as little friction and alteration as its temporary cessation had.’
    • ‘The restoration of the monarchy brought about the resumption of Anglican worship and its musical traditions.’
    • ‘All the indicators are that any free consultation of the community would have revealed an overwhelming consensus for a restoration of the Stuart monarchy.’
    • ‘During a brief restoration of the monarchy, under King George II's orders, they were all buried together in the family plot.’
    • ‘In France, for example, a liberal restoration allowed the return of a free press and enabled the minister of finances to establish the annual budget as an immutable feature of French political life.’
    • ‘In 1814 Laplace supported the restoration of the Bourbon monarchy and cast his vote in the Senate against Napoleon.’
    • ‘James Rothschild, his brother, arrived in Paris in 1811 and helped finance the restoration of the Bourbon monarchy.’
    • ‘His son succeeded him, but Richard Cromwell was not a strong ruler, and almost immediately the royalists began to work for a restoration of the Stuarts.’
    • ‘Royalists believed that it would smooth the way towards a restoration, and to hasten the moment, they favoured a conciliatory approach to both Austria and Great Britain.’
    reinstatement, reinstitution, re-establishment, reimposition, reinstallation, rehabilitation, return, putting back, replacing
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    1. 2.1the RestorationThe re-establishment of Charles II as King of England in 1660.
    2. 2.2usually as modifier The period following this, especially with regard to its literature or architecture.
      ‘Restoration drama’
      • ‘The laws of the Restoration period, especially the Test and Corporation Acts, kept the Catholic community on the margins.’
      • ‘One of the beacons of the Romantic reform movement, Hugo was among the most fervent partisans of English drama during the Restoration period in France.’
      • ‘The Stuart rule, and the Restoration politics that animated it, was never far from their minds.’
      • ‘Those who lecture on Restoration history and literature will discover useful tidbits guaranteed to enliven a sleepy class.’
      • ‘But while the terms of the Restoration settlement made political change less likely, they also intensified the pressures for change.’
      • ‘Their motives seem to have been in part political; the Restoration army was obliged to retain the services of large numbers of Imperial soldiers.’
      • ‘Publishers and authors alike had to be concerned about the shifting currents in Restoration politics and religion.’
      • ‘The Restoration era showed a tendency to keep Catholics out of public offices.’
      • ‘It takes a bold writer to attempt a biography of one of the most recognized and cited of Restoration Englishmen.’
      • ‘In the Restoration theatre, the proscenium was merely the frame that masked the stage curtain, separating the scene from the platform, or forestage.’
      • ‘He criticized the Restoration state, its social and juridical base, and its orthodox religious ideology.’
      • ‘Like Rembrandt, his contemporaries among the Restoration portraitists favoured fanciful mythological guises.’
      • ‘The period after the Restoration of 1660 offered many opportunities for royalists well-connected enough to seize them.’
      • ‘The Restoration of Charles II in 1660 took place on Parliament's terms.’
      • ‘The crown, sword, and scepter were then buried under the floor of the parish kirk until the Restoration of Charles II.’
      • ‘He returned to England with the Restoration in 1660, then married Anne Hyde and had two daughters, Mary and Anne.’
      • ‘In the British Isles, the collapse of army rule enabled a renewed consensus to be built through the Restoration of 1660.’
      • ‘Overall, peasants do seem to have been more prosperous after the Restoration, with a rise in living standards and a fall in mortality.’
      • ‘The actions and ideas inspired by millenarian radicalism in the early Restoration drew reproach from many.’
      • ‘The high point in Britain seems to have been the Restoration - a time of extremely generous royal patronage.’



/ˌrestəˈrāSH(ə)n/ /ˌrɛstəˈreɪʃ(ə)n/


Late 15th century (denoting the action of restoring to a former state): partly from Old French, partly an alteration of obsolete restauration (from late Latin restauratio(n-), from the verb restaurare), suggested by restore.