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1The name of three kings of Scotland.
- 1.1Robert I (1274–1329), reigned 1306–29; known as Robert the Bruce. He campaigned against Edward I, and defeated Edward II at Bannockburn (1314). He re-established Scotland as a separate kingdom, negotiating the Treaty of Northampton (1328).
- 1.2Robert II (1316–90), grandson of Robert the Bruce, reigned 1371–90. He was steward of Scotland from 1326 to 1371, and the first of the Stuart line.
- 1.3Robert III (c.1337–1406), son of Robert II; reigned 1390–1406; born John. An accident rendered him physically disabled, resulting in a power struggle among members of his family.
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