Definition of Romanian in English:


(also Rumanian)


  • Relating to Romania or its people or language.

    • ‘Your first language is the Romanian language, is that correct?’
    • ‘According to one Rumanian folk-tale, Noah was assisted in his vineyard by the Devil who cuts the throats of three sacrificial animals and lets their blood drip over the plants: first a goat, then a lion and lastly a pig.’
    • ‘An influential figure in the world of child and adolescent psychiatry, his work has looked into such subjects as resilience in relation to stress and the effects of deprivation on Romanian orphan adoptees.’
    • ‘It offers at once a history of Romanian culture and society, a philosophical discussion on the meaning of roots and the nature of home and a political critique of North American arrogance.’
    • ‘The second movement of the Quintet has the exuberance and passion, and the first movement the melancholy, that Enescu felt to be the most characteristic moods of Romanian folk-music.’
    • ‘After 1989, she said, Romanian students were painfully aware of not having had access to the books their western counterparts could easily obtain.’
    • ‘We made contact with different hospitals and we mainly transported critical Romanian patients abroad for operations, for which we raised money in the UK.’
    • ‘On the walls there were poorly reproduced portraits of great Romanian leaders: Michael, Stephen, Vlad and the like.’
    • ‘The entire exhibition is contained in a single display case and consists of simple photographs and common religious objects from Romanian shops and markets.’
    • ‘His increasing engagement with Romanian émigrés, and the need for a back story, led him to track down the surviving stowaway.’
    • ‘The restructuring of Romanian society has resulted in financial challenges for all citizens.’
    • ‘I'm not a child anymore and Romanian communism is dead and buried.’
    • ‘My dad's collection had everything from Romanian folk orchestras, to African music or jazz.’
    • ‘Life as a Romanian immigrant to Britain was like life under a more abundant form of communism, and without the agitprop: three meals a day and no questions asked or duties to perform.’
    • ‘They assign him to a bleak Romanian province called Transylvania, where vampires have been menacing a village in the shadow of a brooding castle.’
    • ‘There is a Romanian law that the only way another nation's flag can be displayed in Romania is if the Romanian flag is displayed next to it.’
    • ‘He even got the Romanian army to agree to provide tens of thousands of men for the battle scenes.’
    • ‘Why not try to spend some time with a Romanian family, enjoying a delicious Romanian meal, a taste of the local plum brandy and a lively and entertaining time?’
    • ‘The Romanian language is a modern Romance language, just like Italian, French, Spanish, and Portuguese.’


  • 1A native or inhabitant of Romania, or a person of Romanian descent.

    • ‘With the help of Russia, which defeated the Turks, the Romanians were given more freedom and granted a new constitution in 1829.’
    • ‘It is settled by Serbs and other Slavs, plus large numbers of Hungarians, Romanians, Slovaks, and Ruthenians, each speaking and reading in their own tongue.’
    • ‘After only one full academic year, the school's enrollment had grown to sixty-one with the addition of Czechoslovakians, Romanians, and Italians.’
    • ‘The shareholders were three Romanians and an Israeli.’
    • ‘Thousands of Bulgarian and Rumanians were granted visas despite immigration officials saying they should be turned down.’
    • ‘For example, the collapse of the Ceauçescu regime in Romania led to the rise of ethnic tensions between Romanians and Hungarians living in Transylvania.’
    • ‘And there seemed to be more Romanians than Indians on the staff of my five-star hotel.’
    • ‘Three youths - Rumanians - were attempting quite openly to break into a parking meter with large screwdrivers to steal the coins.’
    • ‘The Romanians say vampires hate garlic, but the Saxons said that lemon was a vampire ward.’
    • ‘He said most of the Romanians pass police checks and return home when their visas expire.’
    • ‘But in 1963 the Romanians asserted that they had a right to plan their own economy in their own way, and made commercial agreements with western Europe, China, and Yugoslavia.’
    • ‘The barrister also referred to five other family law cases involving Romanians and Nigerians, giving details that allowed them to be identified by others in their community in Dublin.’
  • 2mass noun The language of Romania, a Romance language influenced by the neighbouring Slavic languages. It is spoken by over 23 million people in Romania itself and by the majority of the population of Moldova.

    • ‘The official language of Moldova is Romanian (with a Moldavian dialect), and the second language is Russian.’
    • ‘Although it was influenced linguistically by invaders and neighbours (Turks and Greeks), Romanian is a Romance language, with obvious implications for the character of its folk music.’
    • ‘Readers who have studied Romance languages other than Romanian will be able to see from the above that there are tantalising similarities between the language and, say, Spanish.’
    • ‘I spoke to him in Italian, a language so similar to Romanian that everybody understands it.’
    • ‘I speak English, Romanian, Slovak, and some Hungarian, your majesty.’
    • ‘The official language is Romanian, which has Latin roots that date back to the Roman occupation of the area but also contains words from Greek, Slavic languages, and Turkish.’
    • ‘I would describe his spoken English as perfect, and those able to appreciate it say that he speaks Romanian of a purity which is seldom heard today in his own country.’
    • ‘In recognition of the diversity of the Irish population some documents are available in French and Romanian.’
    • ‘Some of the words in my story are in Romanian or combined Romanian, so before every chapter with Romanian in it I will translate.’
    • ‘We yell these sentences out in Albanian, then in Polish, and then in Rumanian.’
    • ‘She exchanges a few sentences in Romanian with the stranger.’
    • ‘Perhaps had it been filmed in Romanian, it might have turned out better.’
    • ‘In the poet's home, the language was High German, while the wider community generally used the more Latinate Romanian.’
    • ‘We were sent a really good top ten phrases in Romanian to coincide with the England / Romania football match.’



/rə(ʊ)ˈmeɪnɪən/ /ruːˈmeɪnɪən/