Definition of rump in English:


Pronunciation /rəmp/


  • 1The hind part of the body of a mammal or the lower back of a bird.

    ‘the harrier is distinguished by its prominent white rump’
    ‘he slapped the horse on the rump’
    mass noun ‘a medium-rare slice of rump’
    • ‘They have a strongly undulating flight pattern, and they can be easily identified in flight by this pattern and their prominent white rumps.’
    • ‘Their bellies and flanks are white, and their rumps are black.’
    • ‘In flight, they show gray and white underwings, solid gray upperwings, white rumps, and gray tails.’
    • ‘The rest of the time pandas communicate through scent marking - rubbing scent-producing glands on their rumps against objects - a behavior also seen in captivity.’
    • ‘The bramblings are readily distinguished by dazzling white rumps.’
    • ‘Echimyids earn their common name because most species have spiny or bristly hairs at least on their backs and rumps.’
    • ‘First-year males typically have rusty heads and rumps, but are not as red overall as mature males.’
    • ‘Killdeers have brown upperparts, white underparts, and orange rumps.’
    • ‘Deer with white rumps bounced over the road and bobbed up one flank and into conifers.’
    • ‘I had the rump of veal with garlic and almond crumb, truffle mash, crispy sweetbread and a Madeira sauce.’
    • ‘Braising is a cooking method usually used for tougher cuts of meat, such as pot roasts, rumps, shanks and ribs.’
    • ‘Females are lighter brown all over, with buff-colored mottling and gray rumps.’
    • ‘All yellowhammers have striking, rusty-coloured, unstreaked rumps which are most attractive.’
    • ‘Drifts of sea pinks coloured the soft grass of the cliff tops and house martins zipped by flashing their pure white rumps.’
    • ‘It's very easy to tame and a very beautiful bird, with its snowy white rump and a chestnut coat.’
    • ‘All captive-bred reintroduced ferrets are tagged with two passive integrated transponder chips under the skin of their necks and rumps, and are therefore individually identifiable.’
    • ‘Other mains - such as grilled marinated poussin with couscous, specialty bangers and mash, rump of lamb on a sweet-potato stack - are straightforward enough that I am confident they would be as good.’
    • ‘Gerrard slapped the horse on the rump, sending Pride into a quick trot.’
    • ‘For more than a generation it served up sumptuous T-bones, porterhouse and rumps to an ever-hungry clientele.’
    • ‘He grew up on a farm and had spent his share of time behind a plow staring at the rumps of horses.’
    1. 1.1humorous A person's buttocks.
      ‘he removed his hand from Shirley's rump’
      • ‘Perhaps the end of our affair with TV chefs will mean we actually get off our rumps to make a bit more effort in the kitchen.’
      • ‘He finally allows his eyes to wander over the rumps of his female colleagues.’
      • ‘The strong hand around his thick neck loosened and his rump landed on the ground.’
      • ‘We dive, tumble and slide on our rumps down a mud shoot.’
      buttocks, behind, backside, bottom, rear, rear end, seat, haunches, cheeks
      View synonyms
  • 2A small or unimportant remnant of something originally larger.

    ‘once the profitable enterprises have been sold the unprofitable rump will be left’
    • ‘Meanwhile he ruled over a French rump state based in the spa town of Vichy.’
    • ‘The new Liberal Unionist group he attached himself to never made it up with the rump of the Liberal Party, and eventually allied with the Conservatives.’
    • ‘A rump force of 200 is holed up in a town near the Iranian border.’
    • ‘No longer the center of an empire, it has become the impoverished capital of a monoglot rump state.’
    • ‘In a tranche of proposed constitutional reforms, it voted to remove hereditary peers from the House of Lords, with only a rump of 92 remaining in the year 2000.’
    • ‘We are reliably informed that the Senate may take up the bill in its rump session, scheduled to start Tuesday.’
    • ‘The rump was that part of the factory not modernised by new investment.’
    • ‘How many more defeats must there be before we realise there need to be fundamental changes in our approach or else the party will be reduced to a rump, not just in Scotland, but in Wales and the north of England?’
    • ‘He vacillates between serving a rump nationalist constituency and seeking closer ties with the international community.’
    • ‘The rump states of Hungary and Austria survived, though their small size encouraged large-scale resentment and the rise of Fascism in subsequent years.’
    • ‘Frantic efforts by the rump Soviet state to reform its armed forces and rebuild its shattered economy resulted in a remarkable revival in the later part of 1942.’
    • ‘It is not clear how seriously this matter - which has been raised in a rump session - is being taken.’
    • ‘Congress promises to resurrect both issues when it returns next week for a non-voting rump session.’
    • ‘This rump business is involved in a High Court case and is valued by stockbrokers at only 10 cent per share.’
    • ‘The upshot will be a two-class university system, with elite institutions for those who can afford to pay, and poorly-funded rump universities for the rest.’
    • ‘Having been reduced to a rump of six seats in 1999, the Nationals have made a desperate bid for survival by refusing to sign a coalition agreement with the Liberals.’
    • ‘The misnamed Moderates, the right wing union faction that has dominated civil service unions for decades, are reduced to a rump with only four seats.’
    • ‘The party moved from a landslide majority with 400 seats in 1906 to a rump of 40 MPs just eighteen years later.’
    • ‘David has tried to explain things, but unfortunately, there's a lot of people in our party who don't want things explained and there's a rump who won't face the facts of political life.’
    remainder, remaining number, remaining part, rest, remnant, remnants, remains
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Late Middle English probably of Scandinavian origin; compare with Danish and Norwegian rumpe ‘backside’.